OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3468–3474

A multiple-input-multiple-output visible light communication system based on VCSELs and spatial light modulators

Hai-Han Lu, Ying-Pyng Lin, Po-Yi Wu, Chia-Yi Chen, Min-Chou Chen, and Tai-Wei Jhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 3468-3474 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1100 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) visible light communication (VLC) system employing vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) and spatial light modulators (SLMs) with 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)-orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) modulating signal is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The transmission capacity of system is significantly increased by space-division demultiplexing scheme. With the assistance of low noise amplifier (LNA) and data comparator, good bit error rate (BER) performance, clear constellation map, and clear eye diagram are achieved for each optical channel. Such a MIMO VLC system would be attractive for providing services including data and telecommunication services. Our proposed system is suitably applicable to the lightwave communication system in wireless transmission.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication

ToC Category:
Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: October 18, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 16, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 2, 2014
Published: February 6, 2014

Hai-Han Lu, Ying-Pyng Lin, Po-Yi Wu, Chia-Yi Chen, Min-Chou Chen, and Tai-Wei Jhang, "A multiple-input-multiple-output visible light communication system based on VCSELs and spatial light modulators," Opt. Express 22, 3468-3474 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, and H. T. Huang, “3.22-Gb/s WDM visible light communication of a single RGB LED employing carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation,” Conf. on Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) OTh1G4 (2013).
  2. Y. F. Liu, Y. C. Chang, C. W. Chow, and C. H. Yeh, “Equalization and pre-distorted schemes for increasing data rate in-door visible light communication system,” Conf. on Opt. Fiber Commun (OFC) JWA83 (2011).
  3. T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, H. Shang, “Demonstration of 575-Mb/s downlink and 225-Mb/s uplink bi-directional SCM-WDM visible light communication using RGB LED and phosphor-based LED,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1203–1208 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Liu, C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, P. Y. Huang, H. K. Tsang, “Investigation of 4-ASK modulation with digital filtering to increase 20 times of direct modulation speed of white-light LED visible light communication system,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16218–16223 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Y. Chen, P. Y. Wu, H. H. Lu, Y. P. Lin, J. Y. Wen, F. C. Hu, “Bidirectional 16-QAM OFDM in-building network over SMF and free-space VLC transport,” Opt. Lett. 38(13), 2345–2347 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Y. Lin, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lu, C. H. Chang, Y. P. Lin, H. C. Lin, H. W. Wu, “10m/500 Mbps WDM visible light communication systems,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9919–9924 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, T. D. Wilkinson, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing,” IEEE /OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(24), 3946–3952 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, T. D. Wilkinson, “Mode division multiplexing of modes with the same Azimuthal index,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1969–1972 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. C. Chi, Y. C. Li, H. Y. Wang, P. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, G. R. Lin, “Optical 16-QAM-52-OFDM transmission at 4 Gbit/s by directly modulating a coherently injection-locked colorless laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20071–20077 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Henniger, O. Wilfert, “An introduction to free-space optical communications,” Radioengineering 19(2), 203–212 (2010).
  12. S. Bloom, “The physics of free-space optics,” AirFiber Inc 1-22 (2002).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited