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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3475–3489

Superconducting series nanowire detector counting up to twelve photons

Zili Zhou, Saeedeh Jahanmirinejad, Francesco Mattioli, Döndü Sahin, Giulia Frucci, Alessandro Gaggero, Roberto Leoni, and Andrea Fiore  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 3475-3489 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.003475


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Abstract

We demonstrate a superconducting photon-number-resolving detector capable of resolving up to twelve photons at telecommunication wavelengths. It is based on a series array of twelve superconducting NbN nanowire elements, each connected in parallel with an integrated resistor. The photon-induced voltage signals from the twelve elements are summed up into a single readout pulse with a height proportional to the detected photon number. Thirteen distinct output levels corresponding to the detection of n = 0-12 photons are observed experimentally. A detailed analysis of the linearity and of the excess noise shows the potential of scaling to an even larger dynamic range.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors

ToC Category:
Detectors

History
Original Manuscript: October 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 30, 2013
Published: February 6, 2014

Citation
Zili Zhou, Saeedeh Jahanmirinejad, Francesco Mattioli, Döndü Sahin, Giulia Frucci, Alessandro Gaggero, Roberto Leoni, and Andrea Fiore, "Superconducting series nanowire detector counting up to twelve photons," Opt. Express 22, 3475-3489 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-3-3475


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