OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3572–3577

Guided continuous-wave and graphene-based Q-switched lasers in carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic channel waveguide

Yang Tan, Shavkat Akhmadaliev, Shengqiang Zhou, Shangqian Sun, and Feng Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 3572-3577 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1589 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate the lasing performance in the Nd:YAG ceramic channel waveguide produced by the carbon ion irradiation, including the continuous-wave (cw) and graphene Q-switched configurations. The highest slope efficiency of 56% and the lowest threshold of 40 mW have been obtained for the cw waveguide laser. With graphene as a saturable absorber, the Q-switched laser produces stable pulses with 57 ns pulse duration and 77 nJ pulse energy, respectively. Under the variation of the pumping power, the repetition of the pulse laser could be modified from 1.5 MHz to 4.1 MHz.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: December 9, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 30, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 30, 2014
Published: February 6, 2014

Yang Tan, Shavkat Akhmadaliev, Shengqiang Zhou, Shangqian Sun, and Feng Chen, "Guided continuous-wave and graphene-based Q-switched lasers in carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic channel waveguide," Opt. Express 22, 3572-3577 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Y. Huang, S. C. Huang, H. L. Chang, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, K. F. Huang, “Passive Q switching of Er-Yb fiber laser with semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3002–3007 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Lin, K. Xia, R. Li, X. Li, G. Li, K. Ueda, J. Li, “Radially polarized and passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3574–3576 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D.-P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W.-K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 878–883 (2012). [CrossRef]
  7. K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Mater. 6, 611–622 (2010).
  10. C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 35(6), 159–239 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. DOI:. [CrossRef]
  12. F. Chen, “Micro-and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 622–640 (2012). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(1), 111–116 (2013). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, X. Chen, “A grapheme passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035803 (2013). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Xie, D. Tang, J. Kong, L. Qian, “Passive mode-locking of a Nd:YAG ceramic laser by optical interference modulation in a GaAs wafer,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5360–5365 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. A. Torchia, P. F. Meilán, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, C. Mendez, L. Roso, “Femtosecond laser written surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13266–13271 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. B 103(4), 837–840 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Tan, Q. Luan, F. Liu, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Q-switched pulse laser generation from double-cladding Nd:YAG ceramics waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18963–18968 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Ren, Y. Jia, N. Dong, L. Pang, Z. Wang, Q. Lu, F. Chen, “Guided-wave second harmonics in Nd:YCOB optical waveguides for integrated green lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(2), 244–246 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Jia, N. Dong, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, “Continuous wave ridge waveguide lasers in femtosecond laser micromachined ion irradiated Nd:YAG single crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(5), 657–662 (2012). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Tan, F. Chen, “Proton-implanted optical channel waveguides in Nd:YAG laser ceramics,” J. Phys. D 43(7), 075105 (2010). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Tan, Q. Luan, F. Liu, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, F. Chen, “Swift carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic optical waveguide amplifier,” Opt. Express 21(12), 13992–13997 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited