OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3661–3668

Strain-enhanced cable-type 3D UV photodetecting of ZnO nanowires on a Ni wire by coupling of piezotronics effect and pn junction

Jixun Chen, Longwei Ding, Xianghui Zhang, Liang Chu, Nishuang Liu, and Yihua Gao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 3661-3668 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.003661


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2199 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A 3D-sensitified and strain-enhanced UV wire-photodetector has been fabricated with ZnO NWs grown on an oxidized Ni wire by chemical vapor deposition method. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the device shows a sharp UV peak at around 380 nm and a negligible peak at around 520 nm, which proves that the as-prepared ZnO nanowires were well-crystallized. The current-voltage (I-V) and current-time (I-T) characteristics under different rotation angles of the heterojunctions show good rectifying diode behaviors and stability under different angles which make 3D detection possible. The sensitivity of the device is enhanced by strains due to piezotronic effect of ZnO nanowires. These performances of the device demonstrates a promising approach to 3D photodetecting and strain sensing and also provide a prospective application to the development of weaving single wire into fabrics technology.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.2190) General : Experimental physics
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors

ToC Category:
Detectors

History
Original Manuscript: August 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 29, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 2, 2014
Published: February 7, 2014

Citation
Jixun Chen, Longwei Ding, Xianghui Zhang, Liang Chu, Nishuang Liu, and Yihua Gao, "Strain-enhanced cable-type 3D UV photodetecting of ZnO nanowires on a Ni wire by coupling of piezotronics effect and pn junction," Opt. Express 22, 3661-3668 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-3-3661


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Z. L. Wang and J. H. Song, “Piezoelectric Nanogenerators Based on Zinc Oxide Nanowire Arrays,” Science312(5771), 242–246 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. X. F. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature421(6920), 241–245 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Q. Yan, Y. Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. D. Yang, “Room-Temperature Ultraviolet Nanowire Nanolasers,” Science292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Jha, J. C. Qian, O. Kutsay, J. Kovac, C. Y. Luan, J. A. Zapien, W. J. Zhang, S. T. Lee, and I. Bello, “Violet-blue LEDs based on p-GaN/n-ZnO nanorods and their stability,” Nanotechnology22(24), 245202 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. B. F. Martinson, J. W. Elam, J. T. Hupp, and M. J. Pellin, “ZnO Nanotube Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2183–2187 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. D. Yuan, W. J. Zhang, J. S. Jie, X. Fan, J. X. Tang, I. Shafiq, Z. Z. Ye, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Tunable n-Type Conductivity and Transport Properties of Ga-doped ZnO Nanowire Arrays,” Adv. Mater.20(1), 168–173 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Cheng, X. Wu, B. Liu, B. Li, X. Zhang, and Z. Du, “ZnO nanowire Schottky barrier ultraviolet photodetector with high sensitivity and fast recovery speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(20), 203105 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. C. F. Zhang, F. Zhang, T. Xia, N. Kumar, J. I. Hahm, J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, and J. Xu, “Low-threshold two-photon pumped ZnO nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express17(10), 7893–7900 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Manekkathodi, M. Y. Lu, C. W. Wang, and L. J. Chen, “Direct Growth of Aligned Zinc Oxide Nanorods on Paper Substrates for Low-Cost Flexible Electronics,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4059–4063 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Z. L. Wang, “Nanopiezotronics,” Adv. Mater.19(6), 889–892 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Wen, K. M. Wong, Y. Fang, M. Wu, and Y. Lei, “Fabrication and characterization of well-aligned, high density ZnO nanowire arrays and their realizations in Schottky device applications using a two-step approach,” J. Mater. Chem.21(20), 7090–7097 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. N. S. Liu, W. W. Tian, X. H. Zhang, J. Su, Q. Zhang, and Y. H. Gao, “Enhancement of ultraviolet detecting by coupling the photoconductive behavior of GaN nanowires and p-n junction,” Opt. Express20(18), 20748–20753 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. I. Alivov, E. Kalinina, A. Cherenkov, D. Look, B. Ataev, A. Omaev, M. Chukichev, and D. Bagnall, “Fabrication and characterization of n-ZnO/p-AlGaN heterojunction light-emitting diodes on 6H-SiC substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(23), 4719–4721 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. T. Shih, M. Wu, M. Chen, Y. Cheng, J. Yang, and M. Shiojiri, “ZnO-based heterojunction light-emitting diodes on p-SiC(4H) grown by atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Phys. B98(4), 767–772 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. B. O. Jung, J. H. Lee, J. Y. Lee, J. H. Kim, and H. K. Cho, “High-Purity Ultraviolet Electroluminescence from n-ZnO Nanowires/p+-Si Heterostructure LEDs with i-MgO Film as Carrier Control Layer,” J. Electrochem. Soc.159(2), H102–H106 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. D. Adler and J. Feinleib, “Electrical and optical properties of narrow-band materials,” Phys. Rev. B2(8), 3112–3134 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. H. Ohta, M. Hirano, K. Nakahara, H. Maruta, T. Tanabe, M. Kamiya, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication and photoresponse of a pn-heterojunction diode composed of transparent oxide semiconductors, p-NiO and n-ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(5), 1029–1031 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. H. L. Chen and Y. S. Yang, “Effect of crystallographic orientations on electrical properties of sputter-deposited nickel oxide thin films,” Thin Solid Films516(16), 5590–5596 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. X. Fan, Z. Z. Chu, F. Z. Wang, C. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. W. Tang, and D. C. Zou, “Wire-Shaped Flexible Dye-sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Mater.20(3), 592–595 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Y. Liu and M. Misra, “Dye-Sensitized Photovoltaic Wires Using Highly Ordered TiO2 Nanotube Arrays,” ACS Nano4(4), 2196–2200 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Fan, Z. Z. Chu, L. Chen, C. Zhang, F. Z. Wang, Y. W. Tang, J. L. Sun, and D. C. Zou, “Fibrous flexible solid-type dye-sensitized solar cells without transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(11), 113510 (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. S. Q. Huang, Q. X. Zhang, X. M. Huang, X. Z. Guo, M. H. Deng, D. M. Li, Y. H. Luo, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and Q. B. Meng, “Fibrous CdS/CdSe quantum dot co-sensitized solar cells based on ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nanotechnology21(37), 375201 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. C. Zou, D. Wang, Z. Z. Chu, Z. B. Lv, and X. Fan, “Fiber-shaped flexible solar cells,” Coord. Chem. Rev.254(9–10), 1169–1178 (2010). [CrossRef]
  24. C. B. Lee, B. S. Kang, A. Benayad, M. J. Lee, S. E. Ahn, K. H. Kim, G. Stefanovich, Y. Park, and I. K. Yoo, “Effects of metal electrodes on the resistive memory switching property of NiO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(4), 042115 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Seo, M. J. Lee, D. C. Kim, S. E. Ahn, B. H. Park, Y. S. Kim, I. K. Yoo, I. S. Byun, I. R. Hwang, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, J. S. Choi, J. H. Lee, S. H. Jeon, S. H. Hong, and B. H. Park, “Electrode dependence of resistance switching in polycrystalline NiO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(26), 263507 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. I. Shalish, H. Temkin, and V. Narayanamurti, “Size-dependent surface luminescence in ZnO nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B69(24), 245401 (2004). [CrossRef]
  27. S. Dhara and P. Giri, “Enhanced UV photosensitivity from rapid thermal annealed vertically aligned ZnO nanowires,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.6(1), 504 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. X. H. Zhang, X. Y. Han, J. Su, Q. Zhang, and Y. H. Gao, “Well vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays with an ultra-fast recovery time for UV photodetector,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.107(2), 255–260 (2012). [CrossRef]
  29. Y. Li, F. Della Valle, M. Simonnet, I. Yamada, and J. J. Delaunay, “Competitive surface effects of oxygen and water on UV photoresponse of ZnO nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(2), 023110 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. M. H. Zhao, Z. L. Wang, and S. X. Mao, “Piezoelectric Characterization of Individual Zinc Oxide Nanobelt Probed by Piezoresponse Force Microscope,” Nano Lett.4(4), 587–590 (2004). [CrossRef]
  31. Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. H. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing Sensitivity of a Single ZnO Micro-/Nanowire Photodetector by Piezo-phototronic Effect,” ACS Nano4(10), 6285–6291 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. X. D. Wang, J. Zhou, J. H. Song, J. Liu, N. S. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezoelectric Field Effect Transistor and Nanoforce Sensor Based on a Single ZnO Nanowire,” Nano Lett.6(12), 2768–2772 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. F. Zhang, S. M. Niu, W. X. Guo, G. Zhu, Y. Liu, X. L. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic Effect Enhanced Visible/UV Photodetector of a Carbon-Fiber/ZnO-CdS Double-Shell Microwire,” ACS Nano7(5), 4537–4544 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited