OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 4 — Feb. 24, 2014
  • pp: 4075–4082

Generation of octave-spanning supercontinuum by Raman-assisted four-wave mixing in single-crystal diamond

Chih-Hsuan Lu, Li-Fan Yang, Miaochan Zhi, Alexei V. Sokolov, Shang-Da Yang, Chia-Chen Hsu, and A. H. Kung  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 4, pp. 4075-4082 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2198 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum is generated by non-collinear Raman-assisted four-wave mixing in single-crystal diamond using 7.7 fs laser pulses that have been chirped to about 420 fs in duration. The use of ultrabroad bandwidth pulses as input results in substantial overlap of the generated spectrum of the anti-Stokes sidebands, creating a phase-locked supercontinuum when all the sidebands are combined to overlap in time and space. The overall bandwidth of the generated supercontinuum is sufficient to support its compression to isolated few-to-single cycle attosecond transients. The significant spectral overlap of adjacent anti-Stokes sidebands allows the utilization of straight-forward spectral interferometry to test the relative phase coherence of the anti-Stokes outputs and is demonstrated here for two adjacent pairs of sidebands. The method can subsequently be employed to set the relative phase of the sidebands for pulse compression and for the synthesis of arbitrary field transients.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: December 3, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 9, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 10, 2014
Published: February 13, 2014

Chih-Hsuan Lu, Li-Fan Yang, Miaochan Zhi, Alexei V. Sokolov, Shang-Da Yang, Chia-Chen Hsu, and A. H. Kung, "Generation of octave-spanning supercontinuum by Raman-assisted four-wave mixing in single-crystal diamond," Opt. Express 22, 4075-4082 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. E. Serebryannikov, E. Goulielmakis, A. M. Zheltikov, “Generation of supercontinuum compressible to single-cycle pulse widths in an ionizing gas,” New J. Phys. 10(9), 093001 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Wirth, M. Th. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334(6053), 195–200 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Th. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Invited Article: Attosecond photonics: Synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(11), 111301 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. E. Harris, A. V. Sokolov, “Subfemtosecond pulse generation by molecular modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(14), 2894–2897 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, S. E. Harris, “Raman generation by phased and antiphased molecular states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(3), 562–565 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, T. Elsaesser, “Generation of multiple phase-locked Stokes and Anti-Stokes components in an impulsively excited Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2560–2563 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Crespo, J. T. Mendonça, A. Dos Santos, “Cascaded highly nondegenerate four-wave-mixing phenomenon in transparent isotropic condensed media,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 829–831 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, “Broadband coherent light generation in a Raman-active crystal driven by two-color femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2251–2253 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Takahashi, Y. Kawabe, E. Hanamura, “Generation of a broadband spectral comb with multiwave mixing by exchange of an impulsively stimulated phonon,” Opt. Express 12(7), 1185–1191 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Matsubara, K. Inoue, E. Hanamura, “Dynamical symmetry breaking induced by ultrashort laser pulses in KTaO3,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 75(2), 024712 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Matsuki, K. Inoue, E. Hanamura, “Multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering due to phonon grating in KNbO3 induced by crossed beams of two-color femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024102 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, “Broadband generation in a Raman crystal driven by a pair of time-delayed linearly chirped pulses,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025032 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Zhi, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, “Broadband coherent light generation in diamond driven by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12139–12147 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Liu, T. Kobayashi, “Cascaded four-wave mixing in transparent bulk media,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1114–1123 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Liu, L. Zhu, L. Wang, C. Fang, “Cascaded four-wave mixing for broadband tunable laser sideband generation,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1772–1774 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. C. Turner, A. Trottier, D. Strickland, L. L. Losev, “Transient multi-frequency Raman generation in SF6,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 419–423 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. Z. Cui, M. Chaturvedi, B. Tian, J. Ackert, F. C. Turner, D. Strickland, “Spectral red-shifting of multi-frequency Raman orders,” Opt. Commun. 288, 118–121 (2013). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, T. Imasaka, “Generation of high-order rotational lines in hydrogen by four-wave Raman mixing in the femtosecond regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 260–268 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. O. Shitamichi, T. Imasaka, “High-order Raman sidebands generated from the near-infrared to ultraviolet region by four-wave Raman mixing of hydrogen using an ultrashort two-color pump beam,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27959–27965 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet region,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063838 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. E. Matsubara, Y. Kawamoto, T. Sekikawa, M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses in the 10 fs regime using multicolor Raman sidebands in KTaO3.,” Opt. Lett. 34(12), 1837–1839 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. He, J. Du, T. Kobayashi, “Low-threshold and compact multi-colored femtosecond laser generated by using cascaded four-wave mixing in a diamond plate,” Opt. Commun. 290, 132–135 (2013). [CrossRef]
  24. F. Peter, “About refractive indices and absorption constants of the diamond 644-226 nm,” Z. Phys. 15, 358–368 (1923). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4032–4034 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited