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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 4 — Feb. 24, 2014
  • pp: 4705–4713

Experimental and numerical study of the symbolic dynamics of a modulated external-cavity semiconductor laser

Andrés Aragoneses, Taciano Sorrentino, Sandro Perrone, Daniel J. Gauthier, M. C. Torrent, and Cristina Masoller  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 4, pp. 4705-4713 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.004705


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Abstract

We study the symbolic dynamics of a stochastic excitable optical system with periodic forcing. Specifically, we consider a directly modulated semiconductor laser with optical feedback in the low frequency fluctuations (LFF) regime. We use a method of symbolic time-series analysis that allows us to uncover serial correlations in the sequence of intensity dropouts. By transforming the sequence of inter-dropout intervals into a sequence of symbolic patterns and analyzing the statistics of the patterns, we unveil correlations among several consecutive dropouts and we identify clear changes in the dynamics as the modulation amplitude increases. To confirm the robustness of the observations, the experiments were performed using two lasers under different feedback conditions. Simulations of the Lang-Kobayashi (LK) model, including spontaneous emission noise, are found to be in good agreement with the observations, providing an interpretation of the correlations present in the dropout sequence as due to the interplay of the underlying attractor topology, the external forcing, and the noise that sustains the dropout events.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.1540) Lasers and laser optics : Chaos
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 21, 2014
Revised Manuscript: February 6, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 7, 2014
Published: February 21, 2014

Virtual Issues
Physics and Applications of Laser Dynamics (2014) Optics Express

Citation
Andrés Aragoneses, Taciano Sorrentino, Sandro Perrone, Daniel J. Gauthier, M. C. Torrent, and Cristina Masoller, "Experimental and numerical study of the symbolic dynamics of a modulated external-cavity semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 22, 4705-4713 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-4-4705


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