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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 6 — Mar. 24, 2014
  • pp: 6229–6238

Low-threshold lasing in photonic-crystal heterostructures

M. Srinivas Reddy, Ramarao Vijaya, Ivan D. Rukhlenko, and Malin Premaratne  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 6, pp. 6229-6238 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.006229


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Abstract

We study a photonic crystal (PhC) heterostructure cavity consisting of gain medium in a three-dimensional (3D) PhC sandwiched between two identical passive multilayers. For this structure, based on Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method, we observe a decrease in the lasing threshold of two orders of magnitude, as compared with a stand-alone 3D PhC. We attribute this remarkable decrease in threshold gain to the overlap of the defect cavity mode with the reduced group velocity region of the PhC’s dispersion, and the associated enhancement in the distributed feedback from the ordered layers of the PhC. The obtained results show the potency for designing PhC-based, compact on-chip lasers with ultra-low thresholds.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.4430) General : Numerical approximation and analysis
(140.3490) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, distributed-feedback
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: January 17, 2014
Revised Manuscript: February 20, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 21, 2014
Published: March 10, 2014

Citation
M. Srinivas Reddy, Ramarao Vijaya, Ivan D. Rukhlenko, and Malin Premaratne, "Low-threshold lasing in photonic-crystal heterostructures," Opt. Express 22, 6229-6238 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-6-6229


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