OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 6 — Mar. 24, 2014
  • pp: 6868–6873

Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser

Hao Liu, Xu-Wu Zheng, Meng Liu, Nian Zhao, Ai-Ping Luo, Zhi-Chao Luo, Wen-Cheng Xu, Han Zhang, Chu-Jun Zhao, and Shuang-Chun Wen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 6, pp. 6868-6873 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1569 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We reported on the generation of femtosecond pulse in a fiber ring laser by using a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-based topological insulator (TI), Bi2Se3 saturable absorber (SA). The PVA-TI composite has a low saturable optical intensity of 12 MW/cm2 and a modulation depth of ~3.9%. By incorporating the fabricated PVA-TISA into a fiber laser, mode-locking operation could be achieved at a low pump threshold of 25 mW. After an optimization of the cavity parameters, optical pulse with ~660 fs centered at 1557.5 nm wavelength had been generated. The experimental results demonstrate that the PVA could be an excellent host material for fabricating high-performance TISA, and also indicate that the filmy PVA-TISA is indeed a good candidate for ultrafast saturable absorption device.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(250.5530) Optoelectronics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: January 28, 2014
Revised Manuscript: March 9, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: March 9, 2014
Published: March 17, 2014

Hao Liu, Xu-Wu Zheng, Meng Liu, Nian Zhao, Ai-Ping Luo, Zhi-Chao Luo, Wen-Cheng Xu, Han Zhang, Chu-Jun Zhao, and Shuang-Chun Wen, "Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Express 22, 6868-6873 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013). [CrossRef]
  4. F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, “Generation of 47-fs pulses directly from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(1), 41–43 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. A. Chestnut, J. R. Taylor, “Wavelength-versatile subpicosecond pulsed lasers using Raman gain in figure-of-eight fiber geometries,” Opt. Lett. 30(22), 2982–2984 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. W. Nicholson, M. Andrejco, “A polarization maintaining, dispersion managed, femtosecond figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8160–8167 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. C. Luo, Q. Y. Ning, H. L. Mo, H. Cui, J. Liu, L. J. Wu, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, “Vector dissipative soliton resonance in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10199–10204 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, F. W. Wise, “Environmentally stable all-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1071–1073 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Yamashita, “A tutorial on nonlinear photonic applications of carbon nanotube and graphene,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 427–447 (2012). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. D. Cui, X. M. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, J. X. Yang, S. Wang, D. Y. Tang, R. Jose, S. Ramakrishna, C. T. Lim, K. P. Loh, “Graphene-polymer nanofiber membrane for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(5), 782–791 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Z. Wang, H. H. Cheng, Z. P. Cai, C. C. Ye, “Multiwavelength dissipative-soliton generation in Yb-Fiber laser using graphene-deposited fiber-taper,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1539–1542 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.
  18. C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Yu, H. Zhang, T. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu, “1.06μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. B. Lu, C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, S. Q. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi₂Se₃,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based Topological Insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014). [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Zhang, Z. P. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. B. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. H. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. K. M. F. Shahil, M. Z. Hossain, V. Goyal, A. A. Balandin, “Micro-Raman spectroscopy of mechanically exfoliated few-quintuple layers of Bi2Te3, Bi2Se3, and Sb2Te3 materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(5), 054305 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited