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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 6 — Mar. 24, 2014
  • pp: 7330–7336

Polarimetric multi-mode tilted fiber grating sensors

Tuan Guo, Fu Liu, Bai-Ou Guan, and Jacques Albert  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 6, pp. 7330-7336 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.007330


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Abstract

The polarimetric sensing characteristics of multi-mode-fiber based tilted fiber Bragg gratings (MMF-TFBG) have been analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The larger diameter fiber core and graded index core/cladding profile enable the tilted gratings to excite multiple high-order core modes with significantly different polarization dependence and to form a well-defined “comb” of spectrally separated resonances at different wavelengths. Orientation-recognized twist/rotation measurements (−90° to 90°) have been achieved with sensitivity of 0.075 dB/deg by using intensity monitoring of two orthogonally polarized odd core-modes (LP11 and LP12). The proposed sensor is compact, works in reflection (a short section of MMF-TFBG spliced with a leading-in single mode fiber without any offset or tapering), is insensitive to temperature (intensity detection instead of wavelength monitoring) and is immune to unwanted intensity fluctuations (differential intensity measurement). Other TFBG sensing modalities, such as lateral pressure and surrounding refractive index are demonstrated separately with the same device configuration and interrogation principles.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: December 26, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 12, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: March 12, 2014
Published: March 21, 2014

Citation
Tuan Guo, Fu Liu, Bai-Ou Guan, and Jacques Albert, "Polarimetric multi-mode tilted fiber grating sensors," Opt. Express 22, 7330-7336 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-6-7330


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