OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 7 — Apr. 7, 2014
  • pp: 7544–7549

Backward frequency doubling of near infrared picosecond pulses

Alessandro C. Busacca, Salvatore Stivala, Luciano Curcio, Alessandro Tomasino, and Gaetano Assanto  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 7, pp. 7544-7549 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2059 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on backward second-harmonic generation using ps laser pulses in congruent lithium niobate with 3.2 µm periodic poling. Three resonant peaks were measured between 1530 and 1730 nm, corresponding to 16th, 17th and 18th quasi-phase-matching orders in the backward configuration, with a conversion efficiency of 4.75 x 10-5%/W for the 16th order. We could also discriminate the contributions from inverted domains randomized in duty-cycle.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(320.5390) Ultrafast optics : Picosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: November 29, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 24, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 27, 2014
Published: March 25, 2014

Alessandro C. Busacca, Salvatore Stivala, Luciano Curcio, Alessandro Tomasino, and Gaetano Assanto, "Backward frequency doubling of near infrared picosecond pulses," Opt. Express 22, 7544-7549 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, J. B. Khurgin, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation using laser pulses in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(6), 966–974 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. X. Gu, M. Makarov, Y. J. Ding, J. B. Khurgin, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic and third-harmonic generation in a periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 24(3), 127–129 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. Mu, I. B. Zotova, Y. J. Ding, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic generation in submicron-period ion-exchanged KTiOPO4 waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 153–159 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Janz, C. Fernando, H. Dai, F. Chatenoud, M. Dion, R. Normandin, “Quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in reflection from AlxGa1-xAs heterostructures,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 589–591 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. U. Kang, Y. J. Ding, W. K. Burns, J. S. Melinger, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled bulk LiNbO3.,” Opt. Lett. 22(12), 862–864 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. X. Gu, R. Y. Korotkov, Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, J. B. Khurgin, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(5), 1561–1566 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. G. D. Landry, T. A. Maldonado, “Counterpropagating quasi-phase matching: a generalized analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(8), 1509–1521 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Conti, S. Trillo, G. Assanto, “Energy localization in photonic crystals of a purely nonlinear origin,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2502–2505 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 459–462 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Conforti, C. de Angelis, U. K. Sapaev, G. Assanto, “Pulse shaping via backward second harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 16(3), 2115–2121 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. J. Ding, “Phase conjugation based on single backward second-order nonlinear parametric process,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4792–4794 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. E. Glavas, J. M. Cabrera, P. D. Townsend, “A comparison of optical damage in different types of LiNbO3 waveguides,” J. Phys. D 22(5), 611–616 (1989). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010). [CrossRef]
  28. S. Stivala, F. Buccheri, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, A. C. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Features of randomized electric-field assisted domain inversion in lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25780–25785 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, 2008).
  30. http://www.goochandhousego.com/products//technical-info-ln/LNmatProperties.pdf
  31. J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010). [CrossRef]
  32. C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Supercontinuum generation in quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide pumped by a Tm-doped fiber laser system,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3912–3914 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. M. Bache, F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053815 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited