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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 7 — Apr. 7, 2014
  • pp: 8259–8276

Versatile endless optical polarization controller/tracker/demultiplexer

Benjamin Koch, Reinhold Noé, David Sandel, and Vitali Mirvoda  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 7, pp. 8259-8276 (2014)

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Following an initial discussion of control error signal generation, we present new developments and applications of automatic endless optical polarization control based on a commercial electrooptic LiNbO3 polarization transformer: (i) Fast tracking and subsequent demultiplexing of DPSK/DQPSK/QAM polarization channels was hitherto limited to a fairly fixed optical input power. With APD photoreceivers used for residual interference detection, we demonstrate here an optical level tolerance of at least 7 dB, compared to only 3 dB for PIN photoreceivers. DPSK channel polarizations are tracked at up to 40 krad/s and higher speed on the Poincaré sphere. (ii) High-order optical modulation schemes require increased accuracy of the polarization controller in the demultiplexer. This is possible at the expense of a reduced tracking speed. We achieve a mean polarization extinction ratio of >40 dB or <0.02 rad error while tracking arbitrary endless polarization changes of up to 1000 rad/s. (iii) While electronic polarization tracking in coherent receivers is currently limited to a symbol rate of about 28 GBaud we show optical polarization tracking of a signal with 1 THz bandwidth.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: January 6, 2014
Revised Manuscript: February 13, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 13, 2014
Published: April 1, 2014

Benjamin Koch, Reinhold Noé, David Sandel, and Vitali Mirvoda, "Versatile endless optical polarization controller/tracker/demultiplexer," Opt. Express 22, 8259-8276 (2014)

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