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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 8 — Apr. 21, 2014
  • pp: 9271–9281

Resonant grating polarizers made with silicon nitride, titanium dioxide, and silicon: Design, fabrication, and characterization

Kyu J. Lee, Jerry Giese, Laura Ajayi, Robert Magnusson, and Eric Johnson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 8, pp. 9271-9281 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.009271


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Abstract

We present the design, fabrication, and characterization of guided-mode resonance (GMR) linear polarizers that operate in the optical communications C-band near a wavelength of 1550 nm. We provide theoretical and experimental spectra using resonant elements fashioned in three material systems. In particular, we investigate silicon nitride resonant gratings and titanium dioxide gratings on glass substrates as well as silicon-on-quartz gratings. These materials exhibit very low losses and are capable of high diffraction efficiencies and extinction ratios; thus, high-power laser applications may be enabled. We present the methods applied to fabricate these GMR devices as well as means to ascertain their fabricated physical parameters. We quantify increased polarizer bandwidth with increased grating refractive-index modulation. The numerical results obtained with the fabricated-device parameters agree well with the experimental measured spectra.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: January 30, 2014
Revised Manuscript: March 18, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 2, 2014
Published: April 9, 2014

Citation
Kyu J. Lee, Jerry Giese, Laura Ajayi, Robert Magnusson, and Eric Johnson, "Resonant grating polarizers made with silicon nitride, titanium dioxide, and silicon: Design, fabrication, and characterization," Opt. Express 22, 9271-9281 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-8-9271


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