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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 9 — May. 5, 2014
  • pp: 10380–10397

Absolute distance measurement by intensity detection using a mode-locked femtosecond pulse laser

Hanzhong Wu, Fumin Zhang, Shiying Cao, Shujian Xing, and Xinghua Qu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 9, pp. 10380-10397 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.010380


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Abstract

We propose an interferometric method that enables to measure a distance by the intensity measurement using the scanning of the interferometer reference arm and the recording of the interference fringes including the brightest fringe. With the consideration of the dispersion and absorption of the pulse laser in a dispersive and absorptive medium, we investigate the cross-correlation function between two femtosecond laser pulses in the time domain. We also introduce the measurement principle. We study the relationship between the position of the brightest fringe and the distance measured, which can contribute to the distance measurement. In the experiments, we measure distances using the method of the intensity detection while the reference arm of Michelson interferometer is scanned and the fringes including the brightest fringe is recorded. Firstly we measure a distance in a range of 10 µm. The experimental results show that the maximum deviation is 45 nm with the method of light intensity detection. Secondly, an interference system using three Michelson interferometers is developed, which combines the methods of light intensity detection and time-of-flight. This system can extend the non-ambiguity range of the method of light intensity detection. We can determine a distance uniquely with a larger non-ambiguity range. It is shown that this method and system can realize absolute distance measurement, and the measurement range is a few micrometers in the vicinity of Nlpp, where N is an integer, and lpp is the pulse-to-pulse length.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.2650) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fringe analysis
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: February 14, 2014
Revised Manuscript: March 31, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 3, 2014
Published: April 22, 2014

Citation
Hanzhong Wu, Fumin Zhang, Shiying Cao, Shujian Xing, and Xinghua Qu, "Absolute distance measurement by intensity detection using a mode-locked femtosecond pulse laser," Opt. Express 22, 10380-10397 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-9-10380


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