OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 9 — May. 5, 2014
  • pp: 10519–10534

Pulsed quantum cascade laser based hypertemporal real-time headspace measurements

Toby K. Boyson, Dylan R. Rittman, Thomas G. Spence, Maria E. Calzada, Abhijit G. Kallapur, Ian R. Petersen, K. Paul Kirkbride, David S. Moore, and Charles C. Harb  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 9, pp. 10519-10534 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (6005 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Optical cavity enhancement is a highly desirable process to make sensitive direct-absorption spectroscopic measurements of unknown substances, such as explosives, illicit material, or other species of interest. This paper reports advancements in the development of real-time cavity ringdown spectroscopy over a wide-bandwidth, with the aim to make headspace measurements of molecules at trace levels. We report results of two pulsed quantum cascade systems operating between (1200 to 1320)cm−1 and (1316 to 1613)cm−1 that measure the headspace of nitromethane, acetonitrile, acetone, and nitroglycerin, where the spectra are obtained in less than four seconds and contain at least 150,000 spectral wavelength datapoints.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: January 28, 2014
Revised Manuscript: March 16, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: March 26, 2014
Published: April 24, 2014

Toby K. Boyson, Dylan R. Rittman, Thomas G. Spence, Maria E. Calzada, Abhijit G. Kallapur, Ian R. Petersen, K. Paul Kirkbride, David S. Moore, and Charles C. Harb, "Pulsed quantum cascade laser based hypertemporal real-time headspace measurements," Opt. Express 22, 10519-10534 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D.S. Moore, “Recent advances in trace explosives detection instrumentation,” Sens. Imag. 8, 9–38 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. J.S. Caygill, F. Davis, S.P.J. Higson, “Current trends in explosives detection techniques,” Talanta 88, 14–29 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R.G. Ewing, D.A. Atkinson, G.A. Eiceman, G.J. Ewing, “A critical review of ion mobility spectrometry for the detection of explosives and explosive related compounds,” Talanta 54(3), 515–529 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. I. Gazit, J. Terkel, “Explosives detection by sniffer dogs following strenuous physical activity,” Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 81(2), 149–161 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. T.G. Spence, C.C. Harb, B.A. Paldus, R.N. Zare, B. Wilke, R.L. Byer, “A laser-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer employing an analog detection scheme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(2), 347–353 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. T.K. Boyson, T.G. Spence, M.E. Calzada, C.C. Harb, “Frequency domain analysis for laser-locked cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8092–8101 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Ye, L. Ma, J.L. Hall, “Ultrasensitive detections in atomic and molecular physics: demonstration in molecular overtone spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 15(1), 6–15 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. T.G. Spence, M.E. Calzada, H.M. Gardner, E. Leefe, H.B. Fontenot, L. Gilevicius, R.W. Hartsock, T.K. Boyson, C.C. Harb, “Real-time FPGA data collection of pulsed-laser cavity ringdown signals,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8804–8814 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Ramos, P.J. Dagdigian, “Detection of vapors of explosives and explosive-related compounds by ultraviolet cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 46(4), 620–627 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A.D. Usachev, T.S. Miller, J.P. Singh, F. Yueh, P. Jang, D.L. Monts, “Optical properties of gaseous 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in the ultraviolet region,” Appl. Spectrosc. 55(2), 125–129 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Ramos, P.J. Dagdigian, “Effect of photochemistry on molecular detection by cavity ringdown spectroscopy: case study of an explosive-related compound,” Appl. Opt. 46(26), 6526–6532 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Snels, T. Venezi, L. Belfiore, “Detection and identification of TNT, 2,4-DNT and 2,6-DNT by near-infrared cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489, 134–140 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. M.W. Todd, R.A. Provencal, T.G. Owano, B.A. Paldus, A. Kachanov, K.L. Vodopyanov, M. Hunter, S.L. Coy, J.I. Steinfeld, J.T. Arnold, “Application of mid-infrared cavity-ringdown spectroscopy to trace explosives vapour detection using a broadly tunable optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 367–376 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. C.C. Harb, T.K. Boyson, A.G. Kallapur, I.R. Petersen, M.E. Calzada, T.G. Spence, K.P. Kirkbride, D.S. Moore, “Pulsed quantum cascade laser-based CRDS substance detection: real-time detection of TNT,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15489–15502 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M.J. Thorpe, K.D. Moll, R.J. Jones, B. Safdi, J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science 311(5767), 1595–1599 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T.W. Haensch, N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. C.G. Tarsitano, C.R. Webster, “Multilaser Herriott cell for planetary tunable laser spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 46(28), 6923–6935 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M.S. Taubman, T.L. Myers, B.E. Bernacki, R.D. Stahl, B.D. Cannon, J.T. Schiffern, M.C. Phillips, “A modular architecture for multi-channel external cavity quantum cascade laser-based chemical sensors: a systems approach,” Proc. of SPIE 8268, 82682G (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Zalicki, R.N. Zare, ”Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for quantitative absorption measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 102, 2708 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. J.J. Harrison, N Humpage, N.D.C. Allena, A.M. Waterfall, P.F. Bernath, J.J. Remedios, “Mid-infrared absorption cross sections for acetone (propanone),” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 112(3), 457–464 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. R.G. Smith, N. D’Souza, S. Nicklin, “A review of biosensors and biologically-inspired systems for explosives detection,” Analyst 133(5), 571–584 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. O. Leitch, O, A. Anderson, K.P. Kirkbride, C. Lennard, “Biological organisms as volatile compound detectors: A review,” Forensic Sci. Int. 232(1–3), 92–103 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited