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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 9 — May. 5, 2014
  • pp: 10858–10867

Wavelength-dependent longitudinal polarizability of gold nanorod on optical torques

Jiunn-Woei Liaw, Wei-Jiun Lo, and Mao-Kuen Kuo  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 9, pp. 10858-10867 (2014)

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This study theoretically investigates the wavelength-dependent longitudinal polarizability of a gold nanorod (GNR) irradiated by a polarized laser beam. The resultant optical torque in terms of the Maxwell stress tensor was analyzed quantitatively using the multiple multipole method. Our results indicate that the real part of the longitudinal polarizability of GNR can be either positive or negative, leading to the parallel or perpendicular modes, respectively. For the parallel and perpendicular modes, the long axis of GNR is rotated to align parallel and perpendicular, respectively, to the polarization direction of the illuminating light. The turning point between these two modes, depending on the aspect ratio (AR) and the size of GNR, nearly coincides with the longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). The perpendicular mode ranges from the transverse SPR to LSPR, and the range of the parallel mode is broadband from LSPR to the near infrared regime. Owing to that a larger optical torque and less plasmonic heating are of concern, an efficiency of optical torque is defined to evaluate the performance of different wavelengths. Analysis results indicate that lasers with wavelength in the perpendicular mode are applicable to rotate and align a GNR of a higher AR. For example, the laser of 785 nm (the perpendicular mode) is superior to that of 1064 nm (the parallel mode, off-resonant from LSPR of 955 nm) for rotating a GNR of AR = 4 and radius 20 nm with an orientation of 45° with respect to the laser polarization.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(260.3910) Physical optics : Metal optics
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 5, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 7, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 20, 2014
Published: April 29, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Jiunn-Woei Liaw, Wei-Jiun Lo, and Mao-Kuen Kuo, "Wavelength-dependent longitudinal polarizability of gold nanorod on optical torques," Opt. Express 22, 10858-10867 (2014)

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