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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 9 — May. 5, 2014
  • pp: 11340–11350

Terahertz plasmonic waveguide based on metal rod arrays for nanofilm sensing

Borwen You, Chien-Chun Peng, Jia-Shing Jhang, Hungh-Hsuan Chen, Chin-Ping Yu, Wei-Chih Lai, Tze-An Liu, Jin-Long Peng, and Ja-Yu Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 9, pp. 11340-11350 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.011340


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Abstract

A high-aspect-ratio metallic rod array is demonstrated to generate and propagate highly confined terahertz (THz) surface plasmonic waves under end-fire excitation. The transverse modal power distribution and spectral properties of the bound THz plasmonic wave are characterized in two metallic rod arrays with different periods and in two configurations with and without attaching a subwavelength superstrate. The integrated metallic rod array–based waveguide can be used to sense the various thin films deposited on the polypropylene superstrate based on the phase-sensitive mechanism. The sensor exhibits different phase detection sensitivities depending on the modal power immersed in the air gaps between the metallic rods. Deep-subwavelength SiO2 and ZnO nanofilms with an optical path difference of 252 nm, which is equivalent to λ/3968 at 0.300 THz, are used as analytes to test the integrated plasmonic waveguide. Analysis of the refractive index and thickness of molecular membranes indicates that the metallic rod array–based THz waveguide can integrate various biochip platforms for minute molecular detection, which is extremely less than the coherent length of THz waves.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(310.2785) Thin films : Guided wave applications
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz
(050.6875) Diffraction and gratings : Three-dimensional fabrication

ToC Category:
Terahertz Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 10, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 22, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 2014
Published: May 2, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Borwen You, Chien-Chun Peng, Jia-Shing Jhang, Hungh-Hsuan Chen, Chin-Ping Yu, Wei-Chih Lai, Tze-An Liu, Jin-Long Peng, and Ja-Yu Lu, "Terahertz plasmonic waveguide based on metal rod arrays for nanofilm sensing," Opt. Express 22, 11340-11350 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-9-11340


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