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Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Christian Seassal
  • Vol. 22, Iss. S2 — Mar. 10, 2014
  • pp: A452–A464

Enhanced up-conversion for photovoltaics via concentrating integrated optics

Georgios E. Arnaoutakis, Jose Marques-Hueso, Aruna Ivaturi, Karl W. Krämer, Stefan Fischer, Jan Christoph Goldschmidt, and Bryce S. Richards  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue S2, pp. A452-A464 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.00A452


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Abstract

Concentrating optics are integrated into up-conversion photovoltaic (UC-PV) devices to independently concentrate sub-band-gap photons on the up-conversion layer, without affecting the full solar concentration on the overlying solar cell. The UC-PV devices consist of silicon solar cells optimized for up-conversion, coupled with tapered and parabolic dielectric concentrators, and hexagonal sodium yttrium fluoride (β-NaYF4) up-converter doped with 25% trivalent erbium (Er3+). A normalized external quantum efficiency of 1.75x10ˉ2 cm2/W and 3.38x10ˉ2 cm2/W was obtained for the UC-PV device utilizing tapered and parabolic concentrators respectively. Although low to moderate concentration was shown to maximize UC, higher concentration lead to saturation and reduced external quantum efficiency. The presented work highlights some of the implications associated with the development of UC-PV devices and designates a substantial step for integration in concentrating PV.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.5350) Detectors : Photovoltaic
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(220.1770) Optical design and fabrication : Concentrators
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(300.6420) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, nonlinear
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy

ToC Category:
Optical Design for Energy Applications

History
Original Manuscript: December 9, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 7, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 7, 2014
Published: February 24, 2014

Virtual Issues
Renewable Energy and the Environment (2014) Optics Express

Citation
Georgios E. Arnaoutakis, Jose Marques-Hueso, Aruna Ivaturi, Karl W. Krämer, Stefan Fischer, Jan Christoph Goldschmidt, and Bryce S. Richards, "Enhanced up-conversion for photovoltaics via concentrating integrated optics," Opt. Express 22, A452-A464 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-S2-A452


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