OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 12 — Dec. 7, 1998
  • pp: 497–511

Wavelet transform based watermark for digital images

Xiang-Gen Xia, Charles G. Boncelet, and Gonzalo R. Arce  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 3, Issue 12, pp. 497-511 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.3.000497


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (6725 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we introduce a new multiresolution watermarking method for digital images. The method is based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Pseudo-random codes are added to the large coefficients at the high and middle frequency bands of the DWT of an image. It is shown that this method is more robust to proposed methods to some common image distortions, such as the wavelet transform based image compression, image rescaling/stretching and image halftoning. Moreover, the method is hierarchical.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.0100) Image processing : Image processing
(110.2960) Imaging systems : Image analysis

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Digital watermarking

History
Original Manuscript: October 28, 1998
Published: December 7, 1998

Citation
Xiang Gen Xia, Charles Boncelet, and Gonzalo Arce, "Wavelet transform based watermark for digital images," Opt. Express 3, 497-511 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-3-12-497


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. G. van Schyndel, A. Z. Tirkel, and C. F. Osborne, "A digital watermark," Proc. ICIP'94, 2, 86-90 (1994).
  2. I. J. Cox, J. Kilian, T. Leighton, and T. Shamoon, "Secure spread spectrum watermarking for images, audio and video," Proc. ICIP'96, 3, 243-246 (1996).
  3. J. Zhao and E. Koch, "Embedding robust labels into images for copyright protection," Proceedings of the International Congress on Intellectual Property Rights for Specialized Information, Knowledge and New Technologies, Vienna, Austria, August 21-25, 242-251 (1995).
  4. R. B. Wolfgang and E. J. Delp, "A watermark for digital images," Proc. ICIP'96, 3, 219-222 (1996).
  5. I. Pitas, "A method for signature casting on digital images," Proc. ICIP'96, 3, 215-218 (1996).
  6. N. Nikolaidis and I. Pitas, "Copyright protection of images using robust digital signatures," Proceedings of ICASSP'96, Atlanta, Georgia, May, 2168-2171 (1996).
  7. M. D. Swanson, B. Zhu, and A. H. Tewfik, "Transparent robust image watermarking," Proc. ICIP'96, 3, 211-214 (1996).
  8. M. Schneider and S.-F. Chang, "A robust content based digital signature for image authentication," Proc. ICIP'96, 3, 227-230 (1996).
  9. S. Mallat, "Multiresolution approximations and wavelet orthonormal bases of L 2 (R)," Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 315, 69-87 (1989).
  10. I. Daubechies, "Orthonormal bases of compactly supported wavelets," Comm. on Pure and Appl. Math., 41, 909-996 (1988). [CrossRef]
  11. O. Rioul and M. Vetterli, "Wavelets and signal processing," IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 14-38, (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Daubechies, Ten Lectures on Wavelets, (SIAM, Philadelphia, 1992).
  13. P. P. Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems and Filter Banks, (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1993).
  14. M. Vetterli and J. Kovacevic, Wavelets and Subband Coding, (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1995).
  15. G. Strang and T. Q. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks, (Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Cambridge, 1996).
  16. J. Shapiro, "Embedded image coding using zerotrees of wavelet coefficients," IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, 41, 3445-3462 (1993). [CrossRef]
  17. R. Ulichney, Digital Halftoning, (MIT Press, Massachusetts, 1987).
  18. S. Craver, N. Memon, B-L Yeo, and M. M. Yeung, "Resolving rightful ownerships with invisible watermarking techniques: limitations, attacks, and implications," IBM Research Report (RC 20755), March 1997.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited