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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 2 — Jan. 18, 1999
  • pp: 107–112

Electromagnetically induced transparency and coherent-state preparation in optically thick media

M. Fleischhauer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 4, Issue 2, pp. 107-112 (1999)

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The preparation of an optically dense ensemble of three-level systems in dark states of the interaction with coherent radiation is discussed. It is shown that methods involving spontaneous emissions of photons such as Raman optical pumping fail to work beyond a critical density due to multiple scattering and trapping of these photons and the associated decay of the dark state(s). In optically thick media coherent-state preparation is only possible by entirely coherent means such as stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP). It is shown that STIRAP is the underlying physical mechanism for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT).

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(020.7010) Atomic and molecular physics : Laser trapping

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Laser controlled dynamics

Original Manuscript: December 7, 1998
Published: January 18, 1999

M. Fleischhauer, "Electromagnetically induced transparency and coherent-state preparation in optically thick media," Opt. Express 4, 107-112 (1999)

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  1. for a recent review on EIT see: S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997) and references therein.
  2. for a recent review see: E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 35, 259 (1996).
  3. S. E. Harris and Zhen-Fei. Luo, "Preparation Energy for Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. A 52, R928 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. for a recent review on STIRAP see: K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, "Coherent Population Transfer Among Quantum States of Atoms and Molecules," Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Holstein, "Imprisonment of resonance radiation in gases," Phys. Rev. A 72, 1212 (1947).
  6. Michael Fleischhauer, "Optical pumping in dense atomic media: Limitations due to reabsorption of spontaneously emitted photons," http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/quant-ph/9811017.
  7. Michael Fleischhauer and Aaron S. Manka, "Propagation of laser pulses and coherent population transfer in dissipative three-level systems: An adiabatic dressed-state picture," Phys. Rev. A. 54, 794 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Michael Fleischhauer and Susanne F. Yelin, "Radiative atom-atom interactions in optically dense media: Quantum corrections to the Lorentz-Lorenz formula," http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/quant-ph/9809087.
  9. C. M. Bowden and J. Dowling, "Near-dipole-dipole effects in dense media: Generalized Maxwell- Bloch equations," Phys. Rev. A 47, 1247 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Rahman, R. Grobe, and J. H. Eberly, "Two-Photon Beers Law for Coherently Prepared Three-Level Media," Coherence and Quantum Optics VII p.449 (Plenum, New York, 1996).

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