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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 2 — Jul. 17, 2000
  • pp: 88–94

Bending-induced colouring in a photonic crystal fibre

Martijn A. van Eijkelenborg, John Canning, Tom Ryan, and Katja Lyytikainen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 7, Issue 2, pp. 88-94 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.7.000088


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Abstract

A photonic crystal fibre has been fabricated with a photonic crystal that is surrounded by a number of silica cores. Bending of the fibre induces an interaction between the core and photonic crystal areas, resulting in a highly wavelength-dependent loss of the core modes. White-light transmission experiments are presented which show that the colour of the transmitted light changes as a function of the fibre-bending radius. We compare the results to a simple model and find agreement.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: May 31, 2000
Published: July 17, 2000

Citation
Martijn van Eijkelenborg, John Canning, Tom Ryan, and Katja Lyytikainen, "Bending-induced colouring in a photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 7, 88-94 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-7-2-88


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References

  1. P. Kaiser, E.A.J. Marcatili, and S.E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Sys. Tech. J. 52, No. 2, 265-269 (1973).
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  7. J. Canning, "Grating confinement in a photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Commun. 176, 121-124 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. See e.g. "Focus issue: photonic crystals," Opt. Express 13, 3-34 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org/v3n1cvr.htm
  9. T. Ryan, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, K. Lytkkainen, "Multiple-core air-silica structure optical fibre," Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference OECC'2000, Chiba, Japan, (2000).
  10. J. Canning, M.A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, "Complex mode coupling within air-silica structures optical fibres and applications," submitted for publication (2000).
  11. M. Kristensen, J. Canning, and T. Ryan, "Mode coupling in photonic crystal fibres with multiple cores," Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics CLEO, Nice, France (2000).
  12. All photographs presented in this paper were taken with a Kodak DC210 zoom camera placed on top of an Olympus BH2 microscope. The various colours observed in all the photographs accurately represent what was observed simultaneously looking down the microscope.
  13. J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A.R. Parker, R.C. McPhedran, D.R. McKenzie, L.C. Botten, and N.A. Nicorovici, "Nature's finest photonic crystal," submitted for publication (2000).
  15. The fibre reported in [9-11] showed no indications of colouring at all: white light experiments showed transmission at all wavelengths, independent of bending of the fibre.

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