OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 6 — Sep. 11, 2000
  • pp: 228–236

Measurement of femtosecond Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) using biased π-shifted low-coherence interferometry

E. Simova, I. Powell, and C. P. Grover  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 7, Issue 6, pp. 228-236 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.7.000228


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (209 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Conventional low-coherence interferometry (LCI) can be employed in the measurement of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) of fiber-optic components and fibers. However, the smallest PMD, which can be measured using this technique, is limited by the coherence length of the source. We propose a biased π-shifted Michelson interferometer where a birefringent crystal is inserted in front of the interferometer to introduce a bias differential group delay (DGD) larger than the coherence time of the source. In this way, the limitation imposed by the source coherence time has been overcome and PMDs much smaller than the source coherence time, in the order of several femtoseconds, can be measured. Experimental results for the PMD have been shown and compared with Jones matrix eigen-analysis. The theoretical model confirms the experimental observations.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: July 26, 2000
Published: September 11, 2000

Citation
Eli Simova, Ian Powell, and Chander Grover, "Measurement of femtosecond Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) using biased p-shifted low-coherence interferometry," Opt. Express 7, 228-236 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-7-6-228


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. TIA/EIA Standard, FOTP-124, "Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single-Mode Optical Fibres by Interferometric Method," Aug., 1996.
  2. P. Hernday, "Fibre Optic Test and Measurement," Ed. D. Derickson, (Prentice Hall, N. J. 1998), Ch. 10 and 12.
  3. Y. Namihira, K. Nakajima and T. Kawazawa,, "Fully Automated Interferometric PMD Measurements for Active EDFA, Fibre-optic Components and Optical fibres," Electron. Letters 29, 18, 1649-1650 (1993).
  4. P. Oberson, K. Juilliard, N. Gisin, R. Passy and J. P. von der Weid, "Interferometric Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurements with Femtosecond Sensitivity", J. Lightwave Tech., 15, 10, 1852 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Martin, G. LeBoudec, E. Tauflieb, and H. Lefevre, "Optimized Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement with "p-shifted" White Light Interferometry," Opt. Fiber Technology, 2, 207-212 (1996). [CrossRef]
  6. C. D. Poole and R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological Approach to Polarization Mode Dispersion in Long Single-mode Fibers," Elect. Lett., 22, 19, 1029 (1986). [CrossRef]
  7. D. S. Kliger, J. W. Lewis, C. E. Randall, "Polarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy," (Academic Press Inc., 1990), Ch. 4 and 5.
  8. B. L. Heffner, "Automatic measurement of polarization mode dispersion using Jones Matrix Eigenanalysis," IEEE Ph. Tech. Let., 4, 1066-1069 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited