OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 13 — Jun. 18, 2001
  • pp: 682–687

UV light induced surface expansion phenomenon of hybrid glass thin films

J. T. Rantala, A. H. O. Kärkkäinen, J. A. Hiltunen, M. Keränen, T. Kololuoma, and M. R. Descour  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 13, pp. 682-687 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.8.000682


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (426 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Liquid-phase deposition of sol-gel method derived hybrid glass materials is utilized for fabrication of UV-light-sensitive thin films. The hybrid glass material undergoes a surface-relief deformation when exposed to UV light. The observed deformation phenomenon is in the form of a physical expansion of the exposed areas. The UV light induced surface expansion of the hybrid glass film was used to fabricate near-sinusoidal diffraction gratings with periods of 24 µm, 18 µm, 12 µm, and 9 µm. The maximum deformation when the material was patterned as a diffraction grating was 0.685 µm. The hybrid glass material features an index of refraction of 1.52 at 632.8 nm, rms surface roughness of 2.2±0.8 nm after processing, and extinction coefficients of 1.2×10-3 µm-1 and 0.47×10-3 µm-1 at wavelengths of 633 nm and 1550 nm, respectively.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.6060) Materials : Solgel
(220.3740) Optical design and fabrication : Lithography

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: April 10, 2001
Published: June 18, 2001

Citation
Juha Rantala, Ari Karkkainen, J. Hiltunen, M. Keranen, T. Kololuoma, and Michael Descour, "UV light induced surface expansion phenomenon of hybrid glass thin films," Opt. Express 8, 682-687 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-8-13-682


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J.T. Rantala, P. �yr�s, R. Levy, S. Honkanen, M.R. Descour, N. Peyghambarian, "Binary phase zone-plate arrays based on hybrid sol-gel glass," Opt. Lett. 23, 1939-1941 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. P. �yr�s, J.T. Rantala, R. Levy, M.R. Descour, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Multilevel structures in sol-gel thin films with a single UV-exposure using a gray-scale mask," Thin Solid Films 352, 9-12 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. J.T. Rantala, R. Levy, L. Kivim�ki, and M.R. Descour, "Direct UV patterning of thick hybrid glass films for micro-opto-mechanical structures," Electron. Lett. 16, 530-531 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, S. Tripathy, "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. P.S. Rajanujam, N.C.R. Holme, S. Hvilsted, "Atomic force and optical near-field microscopic investigations of polarization holographic gratings in a liquid crystalline azobenzene side-chain polyester," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1329-1331 (1996). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Darracq, F. Chaput, K. Lahlil, Y. L�vy, J.-P. Boilot, "Photoinscription of surface relief gratings on azo-hybrid gels," Adv. Materials 10, 1133-1136 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Pelissier, D. Blanc, M.P. Andrews, S.I. Najafi, A.V. Tishchenko, O. Parriaux, "Single-step UV recording of sinusoidal surface gratings in hybrid solgel glasses," Appl. Opt. 38, 6744-6748 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Sramek, F. Smektala, W.X. Xie, M. Douay, P. Niay, "Photoinduced surface expansion of fluorizirconate glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 277, 39-44 (2000). And references therein. [CrossRef]
  9. C. Fiorini, N. Prudhomme, G. de Veyrac, I. Maurin, P. Raimond, J.-M. Nunzi, "Molecular migration mechanism for laser induced surface relief grating formation," Synthetic Metals 115, 121-125 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Suzuki et al., U.S Patent 4 877 717 (1989).
  11. S. Sinzinger, J. Jahns, Microoptics (Wiley-VHC, Weinheim, 1999).
  12. T.J. Trout, J.J. Schmieg, W.J. Gambogi, A.M. Weber, "Optical photopolymers: design and applications," Adv. Materials 10, 1219-1224 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. J.W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd Ed., Ch. 4 (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited