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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 2 — Jan. 15, 2001
  • pp: 131–144

Preparing Fock states in the micromaser

Simon Brattke, Ben T. H. Varcoe, and Herbert Walther  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp. 131-144 (2001)

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In this paper we give a survey of our experiments performed with the micromaser on the generation of Fock states. Three methods can be used for this purpose: the trapping states leading to Fock states in a continuous wave operation; state reduction of a pulsed pumping beam and finally using a pulsed pumping beam to produce Fock states on demand where trapping states stabilize the photon number. The latter method is discussed in detail by means of Monte Carlo simulations of the maser system. The results of the simulations are presented in a video.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.6570) Quantum optics : Squeezed states

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Quantum control of photons and matter

Original Manuscript: November 15, 2000
Published: January 15, 2001

Simon Brattke, Ben Varcoe, and Herbert Walther, "Preparing Fock states in the micromaser," Opt. Express 8, 131-144 (2001)

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  1. D. Leibfried, D.M. Meekhof, B.E. King, C. Monroe, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, "Experimental determination of the motional quantum state of a trapped atom," Phys. Rev. Lett 77, 4281-4285 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. M�ller, "The one-atom-maser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551-554 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  4. G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, "Observation of quantum collapse and revival in a one-atom maser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353-356 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Raithel, O. Benson, and H. Walther, "Atomic interferometry with the micromaser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3446-3449 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. O. Benson, G. Raithel, and H. Walther, "Quantum jumps of the micromaser field - dynamic behavior close to phase transition points," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3506-3509 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B.-G. Englert, M. L�ffer, O. Benson, B. Varcoe, M. Weidinger, and H. Walther, "Entangled atoms in micromaser physics," Fortschr. Phys. 46, 897-926 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. H. J. Kimble, O. Carnal, N. Georgiades, H. Mabuchi, E. S. Polzik, R. J. Thomson and Q. A. Turchettte,"Quantum optics with strong coupling," Atomic Physics 14, D. J. Wineland, C. E. Wieman, and S. J. Smith, eds., AIP Press, 314-335 (1995).
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  10. P. Meystre, G. Rempe, and H. Walther, "Very-low temperature behaviour of a micromaser," Opt. Lett. 13, 1078-1080 (1988). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Weidinger, B.T.H. Varcoe, R. Heerlein, and H. Walther, "Trapping states in the micromaser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3795-3798 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Antesberger, "Phasendiffusion und Linienbreite beim Ein-Atom-Maser," PhD Thesis, University of Munich, 1999.
  13. G. Raithel, et al., "The micromaser: a proving ground for quantum physics," in Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Supplement 2, pages 57-121, P. Berman, ed., (Academic Press, New York, 1994).
  14. J. Krause, M. O. Scully, and H. Walther, "State reduction and |n>-state preparation in a high-Q micromaser," Phys. Rev. A 36, 4547-4550 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. J. Bardoff, E. Mayr, and W.P. Schleich, "Quantum state endoscopy: measurement of the quantum state in a cavity," Phys. Rev. A 51, 4963-4966 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. B. T. H. Varcoe, S. Brattke, M. Weidinger, and H. Walther, "Preparing pure photon number states of the radiation field," Nature 403, 743-746 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Brattke, B.-G. Englert, B. T. H. Varcoe, and H. Walther, "Fock states in a cyclically pumped one-atom maser," J. Mod. Opt. (in print).
  18. S. Brattke, B. T. H. Varcoe, and H. Walther, manuscript in preparation.
  19. C.T. Bodendorf, G. Antesberger, M. S. Kim, and H. Walther, "Quantum-state reconstruction in the one-atom maser," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1371-1378 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. M.S. Kim, G. Antesberger, C.T. Bodendorf, and H. Walther, "Scheme for direct observation of the Wigner characteristic function in cavity QED," Phys. Rev. A 58, R65-R69 (1998). [CrossRef]

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