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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 2 — Jan. 15, 2001
  • pp: 92–98

Multi-mode description of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate

Krzysztof Góral, Mariusz Gajda, and Kazimierz Rzążewski  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp. 92-98 (2001)

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We study the equilibrium dynamics of a weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a box. In our approach we use a semiclassical approximation similar to the description of a multi-mode laser. In dynamical equations derived from a full N-body quantum Hamiltonian we substitute all creation (and annihilation) operators (of a particle in a given box state) by appropriate c-number amplitudes. The set of nonlinear equations obtained in this way is solved numerically. We show that on the time scale of a few miliseconds the system exhibits relaxation – reaches an equilibrium with populations of different eigenstates fluctuating around their mean values.

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OCIS Codes
(000.6590) General : Statistical mechanics
(000.6800) General : Theoretical physics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.2500) Quantum optics : Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Quantum control of photons and matter

Original Manuscript: November 9, 2000
Published: January 15, 2001

Krzysztof Goral, Mariusz Gajda, and Kazimierz Rzazewski, "Multi-mode description of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate," Opt. Express 8, 92-98 (2001)

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Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

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