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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 3 — Jan. 29, 2001
  • pp: 217–222

Optical trapping, Field enhancement and Laser cooling in photonic crystals

Ovidiu Toader, Sajeev John, and Kurt Busch  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 217-222 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.8.000217


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Abstract

We present a detailed study of the mode structure of inverse opal photonic crystal materials with an emphasis on their potential use in optical trapping and cooling. In particular, we analyze the modes corresponding to the upper and lower band edges of a high refractive index inverse opal, i.e., the so-called “air” and “dielectric” bands. In the dielectric band, we demonstrate optical intensity enhancements of two orders of magnitude which may facilitate nonlinear optical effects in the solid. In the air band, dipolar optical trapping potentials for cold atoms in the voids arise when these modes are excited by an external laser field. In addition, we discuss aspects of atom cooling through the polarization gradients provided by these modes. The results suggest that optical trapping and cooling may be achieved within a photonic crystal using a single laser source.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.7010) Atomic and molecular physics : Laser trapping
(140.3320) Lasers and laser optics : Laser cooling
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Photonic bandgap calculations

History
Original Manuscript: November 13, 2000
Published: January 29, 2001

Citation
Ovidiu Toader, Sajeev John, and Kurt Busch, "Optical trapping, Field enhancement and Laser cooling in photonic crystals," Opt. Express 8, 217-222 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-8-3-217


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References

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  2. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  8. J.D. Joannopoulos, P.R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic Crystals: Putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Existence of a photonic gap in periodic dielectric structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152-3155 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K.D.Brommer, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Accurate theoretical analysis of photonic band-gap materials," Phys. Rev. B 48, 8434-8437 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. Harold J. Metcalf and Peter van der Straten, Laser Cooling and Trapping (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1999). [CrossRef]

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