OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 7 — Mar. 26, 2001
  • pp: 368–376

Atomic dynamics in single and multi-photon double ionization: An experimental comparison

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, H. Schmidt Böcking, G. Urbasch, H. Giessen, H. Bräuning, C.L. Cocke, M.H. Prior, and R. Dörner  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 7, pp. 368-376 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (717 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have used a multi-particle imaging technique (COLTRIMS) to observe the double ionization of rare gas atoms by multi-photon absorption of 800 nm (1.5 eV) femto-second laser pulses and by single photon absorption (synchrotron radiation). Both processes are mediated by electron correlation. We discuss similarities and differences in the three-body final state momentum distributions.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.0020) Atomic and molecular physics : Atomic and molecular physics
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Laser-induced multiple ionization

Original Manuscript: February 5, 2001
Published: March 26, 2001

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, H. Bocking, G. Urbasch, Harald Giessen, H. Brauning, C. Cocke, M. Prior, and Reinhard Doerner, "Atomic dynamics in single and multi-photon double ionization: An experimental comparison," Opt. Express 8, 368-376 (2001)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Briggs and V. Schmidt, "Differential cross sections for photo-double-ionization of the helium atom," J. Phys. 33, R1 (2000).
  2. R. Doerner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Boecking, "Cold Target Recoil Ion Momentum Spectroscopy: A 'momentum microscope' to view atomic collision dynamics," Physics Reports 330, 96--192 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. H.P. Brauning, R. Doerner, C.L. Cocke, M.H. Prior, B. Krassig, A.Brauning-Demian, K.Carnes, S.Dreuil, V.Mergel, P.Richard, J.Ullrich, and H. Schmidt-Boecking, "Recoil ion and electronic angular asymmetry parameters for photo double ionization of helium at 99 eV," J. Phys. B 30, L649 (1997).
  4. H.P Brauning, R. Doerner, C.L. Cocke, M.H. Prior, B. Krassig, A. Kheifets, I. Bray, A. Brauning-Demian, K. Carnes, S. Dreuil, V. Mergel, P. Richard, J. Ullrich, and H. Schmidt-Boecking, "Absolute triple differential cross sections for photo-double ionization of helium - experiment and theory," J. Phys. B31, 5149 (1998).
  5. R. Doerner, J. Feagin, C.L. Cocke, H. Brauning, O. Jagutzki, M. Jung, E.P. Kanter, H. Khemliche, S. Kravis, V. Mergel, M.H. Prior, H. Schmidt-Boecking, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, M. Unverzagt, and T. Vogt, "Fully Differential Cross Sections for Double Photoionization of He Measured by Recoil Ion Momentum Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1024 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Doerner, H. Brauning, J.M. Feagin, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L.Spielberger, T. Vogt, H. Khemliche, M.H. Prior, J. Ullrich, C.L. Cocke, and H. Schmidt-Boecking, "Photo-double-ionization of He: Fully differential and absolute electronic and ionic momentum distributions," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1074 (1998).
  7. R. Wehlitz, F. Heiser, O. Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, and U. Becker, "Electron-energy and -angular distributions in the double photoionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3764 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Interpretation of Momentum Distribution of Recoil Ions from Laser Induced Nonsequential Double Ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3546 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Doerner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C.T. Schoeter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. rump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W.Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of N^n+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Moshammer B. Feuerstein and J. Ullrich, "Nonsequential multiple ionization in intense laser pulses: interpretation of ion momentum distributions within the classical 'rescattering' model," J. Phys B 33, L823 (1992).
  12. K. Sacha and B. Eckhardt, "Pathways to double ionization of atoms in strong Fields," Phys. Rev. A: accepted for publication 2001, (2001).
  13. L.B. Fu J. Chen, J. Liu and W. M. Zheng, "Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model," Phys. Rev. A 63, 011404R (2000).
  14. M. Lein, E.K.U. Gross, and V. Engel "Intense-Field Double Ionization of Helium: Identifying the Mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to Nonsequential Double Ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, and R. Doerner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 404, 608 (2000).
  17. K.T. Taylor, J.S. Parker, D. Dundas, E. Smyth and S. Vitirito, "Laser Driven Helium in Full-Dimensionality," Laser Physics 9, 98-116 (1999)
  18. M. Lein, E.K.U. Gross, and V. Engel, "On the mechnism of strong-field double photoionisation in the helium atom," J. Phys. B 33, 433-442 (2000) [CrossRef]
  19. F. Maulbetsch and J.S. Briggs, "Selection rules for transitions to two-electron continuum states," J. Phys. B 28, 551 (1995).
  20. I.E. McCarthy and E. Weigold, "Electron momentum spectroscopy of atoms and molecules," Rep. Prog. Phys. 54, 789 (1991). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Correlated Keldysh-Faisal-Reiss theory of above-threshold double ionization of He in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 50, 3256 (1994).
  22. J.H. McGuire, N. Berrah, R.J. Bartlett, J.A.R. Samson, J.A. Tanis, C.L. Cocke, and A.S. Schlachter, "The ratio of cross sections for double to single ionization of helium by high energy photons and charged particles," J. Phys. B2 8, 913 (1995).
  23. S. Keller, "Perturbation theory for (gamma,2e) on helium," J. Phys. B 33, L513 (2000).
  24. Ken-ichi Hino, T. Ishihara, F. Shimizu, N. Toshima, and J.H. McGuire, "Double photoionization of helium using many-body perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 48, 1271 (1993).
  25. S. Bhattacharyya and S. Mitra, "Double photoionization of He by circularly polarized light: A QED approach," Phys. Rev. 62, 032709 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, "Mechanism of laser-induced double ionization of helium," J. Phys. B 29, L197 (1996).
  27. A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Interplay of electron correlation and intense field dynamics in the double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1742 (1999).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MOV (1422 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (734 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1654 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited