Quantum key distribution over an installed multimode optical fiber local
Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 25, pp. 9961-9969 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.009961
Acrobat PDF (178 KB)
Abstract
We have investigated the possibility of a multimode fiber link for a quantum channel. Transmission of light in an extremely underfilled mode distribution promises a single-mode–like behavior in the multimode fiber. To demonstrate the performance of the fiber link we performed quantum key distribution, on the basis of the BB84 four-state protocol, over 550 m of an installed multimode optical fiber local area network, and the quantum-bit-error rate of 1.09 % was achieved.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
1. Introduction
3 . A. Muller , T. Huttner , W. Tittel , H. Zbinden , and N. Gisin , “ ‘Plug and play’ systems for quantum cryptography ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70 , 793 – 795 ( 1997 ). [CrossRef]
4 . G. Ribordy , J. D. Gautier , N. Gisin , O. Guinnard , and H. Zbinden , “ Automated ‘plug & play’ quantum key distribution ,” Electron. Lett. 34 , 2116 – 2117 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef]
5 . D. Bethune and W. Risk , “ An autocompensation fiber-optic quantum cryptography system based on polarization splitting of light ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 340 – 347 ( 2000 ). [CrossRef]
6 . A. Yoshizawa and H. Tuchida , “ A 1550 nm single-photon detector using a thermoelectrically cooled InGaAs avalanche photodiode ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 1 40 , 200 – 201 ( 2001 ). [CrossRef]
8 . D. Stucki , G. Ribordy , A. Stefanov , H. Zbinden , J. G. Rarity , and T. Wall , “ Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier coold InGaAs/InP APD’s ,” J. Modern Opt. 48 , 1967 – 1982 ( 2001 ). [CrossRef]
9 . N. Namekata , Y. Makino , and S. Inoue , “ Single-photon detector for long-distance fiber optic quantum key distribution ,” Opt. Lett. 27 , 954 – 956 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef]
10 . H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , Y. Nambu , T. Kimura , and K. Nakamura , “ Single-photon interference experiment over 100 km for quantum cryptography system using a balanced gated-mode photon detector ,” Electron. Lett. 39 , 1199 – 1200 ( 2003 ). [CrossRef]
11 . D. Stucki , N. Gisin , O. Guinnard , G. Ribordy , and H. Zbinden , “ Quantum key distribution over 67 km with a plug and play system ,” New J. Phys. 4 , 41.1 – 41.8 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef]
12 . P. D. Townsend , “ Experimental investigation of the performance limits for first telecommunications-window quantum cryptography systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 , 1048 – 1050 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef]
5 . D. Bethune and W. Risk , “ An autocompensation fiber-optic quantum cryptography system based on polarization splitting of light ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 340 – 347 ( 2000 ). [CrossRef]
2. Measurement of group velocity dispersion
14 . N. Brunner , V. Scarani , M. Wegmuller , M. Legre , and N. Gisin , “ Direct measurement of superluminal group velocity and signal velocity in an optical fiber ,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 , 203902 ( 2004 ). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9 . N. Namekata , Y. Makino , and S. Inoue , “ Single-photon detector for long-distance fiber optic quantum key distribution ,” Opt. Lett. 27 , 954 – 956 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef]
8 . D. Stucki , G. Ribordy , A. Stefanov , H. Zbinden , J. G. Rarity , and T. Wall , “ Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier coold InGaAs/InP APD’s ,” J. Modern Opt. 48 , 1967 – 1982 ( 2001 ). [CrossRef]
3. Experimental setup
9 . N. Namekata , Y. Makino , and S. Inoue , “ Single-photon detector for long-distance fiber optic quantum key distribution ,” Opt. Lett. 27 , 954 – 956 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef]
15 . S. Cova , M. Ghioni , A. Lacaita , C. Samori , and F. Zappa , “ Avalanche photodiodes and quenching circuits for single-photon detection ,” Appl. Opt. 35 , 1956 – 1963 ( 1996 ). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
4. Experimental results
5 . D. Bethune and W. Risk , “ An autocompensation fiber-optic quantum cryptography system based on polarization splitting of light ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 340 – 347 ( 2000 ). [CrossRef]
11 . D. Stucki , N. Gisin , O. Guinnard , G. Ribordy , and H. Zbinden , “ Quantum key distribution over 67 km with a plug and play system ,” New J. Phys. 4 , 41.1 – 41.8 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef]
4 . G. Ribordy , J. D. Gautier , N. Gisin , O. Guinnard , and H. Zbinden , “ Automated ‘plug & play’ quantum key distribution ,” Electron. Lett. 34 , 2116 – 2117 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef]
8 . D. Stucki , G. Ribordy , A. Stefanov , H. Zbinden , J. G. Rarity , and T. Wall , “ Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier coold InGaAs/InP APD’s ,” J. Modern Opt. 48 , 1967 – 1982 ( 2001 ). [CrossRef]
9 . N. Namekata , Y. Makino , and S. Inoue , “ Single-photon detector for long-distance fiber optic quantum key distribution ,” Opt. Lett. 27 , 954 – 956 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef]
16 . H. Zbinden , H. Bechman-Pasquinucci , N. Gisin , and G. Ribordy , “ Quantum cryptography ,” Appl. Phys. B 67 , 743 – 748 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef]
5. Conclusions
References and links
1 . | C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard , “ Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing ,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems, and Signal Processing ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York , 1984 ), pp. 175 – 179 . |
2 . | C. H. Bennett , F. Bessette , G. Brassard , L. Salvail , and J. Smolin , “ Experimental quantum cryptography ,” J. Crtptol. 5 , 3 – 28 ( 1992 ). |
3 . | A. Muller , T. Huttner , W. Tittel , H. Zbinden , and N. Gisin , “ ‘Plug and play’ systems for quantum cryptography ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70 , 793 – 795 ( 1997 ). [CrossRef] |
4 . | G. Ribordy , J. D. Gautier , N. Gisin , O. Guinnard , and H. Zbinden , “ Automated ‘plug & play’ quantum key distribution ,” Electron. Lett. 34 , 2116 – 2117 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef] |
5 . | D. Bethune and W. Risk , “ An autocompensation fiber-optic quantum cryptography system based on polarization splitting of light ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 340 – 347 ( 2000 ). [CrossRef] |
6 . | A. Yoshizawa and H. Tuchida , “ A 1550 nm single-photon detector using a thermoelectrically cooled InGaAs avalanche photodiode ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 1 40 , 200 – 201 ( 2001 ). [CrossRef] |
7 . | P. Hiskett , G. Bonfrate , G. Buller , and P. Townsend , “ Eighty kilometer transmission experiment using an In-GaAs/InP SPAD-based quantum cryptography receiver operating at 1.55 microns ,” J. Modern Opt. 48 , 1957 – 1966 ( 2001 ). |
8 . | D. Stucki , G. Ribordy , A. Stefanov , H. Zbinden , J. G. Rarity , and T. Wall , “ Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier coold InGaAs/InP APD’s ,” J. Modern Opt. 48 , 1967 – 1982 ( 2001 ). [CrossRef] |
9 . | N. Namekata , Y. Makino , and S. Inoue , “ Single-photon detector for long-distance fiber optic quantum key distribution ,” Opt. Lett. 27 , 954 – 956 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef] |
10 . | H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , Y. Nambu , T. Kimura , and K. Nakamura , “ Single-photon interference experiment over 100 km for quantum cryptography system using a balanced gated-mode photon detector ,” Electron. Lett. 39 , 1199 – 1200 ( 2003 ). [CrossRef] |
11 . | D. Stucki , N. Gisin , O. Guinnard , G. Ribordy , and H. Zbinden , “ Quantum key distribution over 67 km with a plug and play system ,” New J. Phys. 4 , 41.1 – 41.8 ( 2002 ). [CrossRef] |
12 . | P. D. Townsend , “ Experimental investigation of the performance limits for first telecommunications-window quantum cryptography systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 , 1048 – 1050 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef] |
13 . | N. Namekata and S. Inoue , “ Fiber-optic quantum key distribution at 1550 nm ” in Proceedings of the ERATO Workshop on Quantum Information Science (JST, Tokyo, 2002 ), pp. 96 – 97 . |
14 . | N. Brunner , V. Scarani , M. Wegmuller , M. Legre , and N. Gisin , “ Direct measurement of superluminal group velocity and signal velocity in an optical fiber ,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 , 203902 ( 2004 ). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
15 . | S. Cova , M. Ghioni , A. Lacaita , C. Samori , and F. Zappa , “ Avalanche photodiodes and quenching circuits for single-photon detection ,” Appl. Opt. 35 , 1956 – 1963 ( 1996 ). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
16 . | H. Zbinden , H. Bechman-Pasquinucci , N. Gisin , and G. Ribordy , “ Quantum cryptography ,” Appl. Phys. B 67 , 743 – 748 ( 1998 ). [CrossRef] |
OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
ToC Category:
Research Papers
Citation
Naoto Namekata, Shigehiko Mori, and Shuichiro Inoue, "Quantum key distribution over an installed multimode optical fiber local area network," Opt. Express 13, 9961-9969 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-25-9961
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References
- C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, "Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing," in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on computers, systems, and signal processing (IEEE, New York, 1984), pp. 175-179.
- C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
- A. Muller, T. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Plug and play systems for quantum cryptography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793-795 (1997). [CrossRef]
- G. Ribordy, J. D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, "Automated 'plug & play' quantum key distribution," Electron. Lett. 34, 2116-2117 (1998). [CrossRef]
- D. Bethune and W. Risk, "An auto compensation fiber-optic quantum cryptography system based on polarization splitting of light," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 340-347 (2000). [CrossRef]
- A. Yoshizawa and H. Tuchida, "A 1550 nm single-photon detector using a thermoelectrically cooled InGaAs avalanche photodiode," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 1 40, 200-201 (2001). [CrossRef]
- P. Hiskett, G. Bonfrate, G. Buller, and P. Townsend, "Eighty kilometer transmission experiment using an InGaAs/InP SPAD-based quantum cryptography receiver operating at 1.55 microns," J. Modern Opt. 48, 1957-1966 (2001).
- D. Stucki, G. Ribordy, A. Stefanov, H. Zbinden, J. G. Rarity, and T. Wall, "Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier cooled InGaAs/InP APD's," J. Modern Opt. 48, 1967-1982 (2001). [CrossRef]
- N. Namekata, Y. Makino, and S. Inoue, "Single-photon detector for long-distance fiber optic quantum key distribution,"Opt. Lett. 27, 954-956 (2002). [CrossRef]
- H. Kosaka, A. Tomita, Y. Nambu, T. Kimura, and K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference experiment over 100 km for quantum cryptography system using a balanced gated-mode photon detector," Electron. Lett. 39, 1199-1200 (2003). [CrossRef]
- D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum key distribution over 67 km with a plug and play system," New J. Phys. 4, 41.1-41.8 (2002). [CrossRef]
- . P. D. Townsend, "Experimental investigation of the performance limits for first telecommunications-window quantum cryptography systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1048-1050 (1998). [CrossRef]
- N. Namekata and S. Inoue, "Fiber-optic quantum key distribution at 1550 nm," in Proceedings of the ERATO Workshop on Quantum Information Science (JST, Tokyo, 2002), pp. 96-97.
- N. Brunner, V. Scarani, M. Wegmuller, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, "Direct measurement of superluminal group velocity and signal velocity in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Cova, M. Ghioni, A. Lacaita, C. Samori, and F. Zappa, "Avalanche photodiodes and quenching circuits for single-photon detection," Appl. Opt. 35, 1956-1963 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. Zbinden, H. Bechman-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin and G. Ribordy, "Quantum cryptography," Appl. Phys. B 67, 743-748 (1998). [CrossRef]
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