Wide viewing angle dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators
Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 16, pp. 12372-12386 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.012372
Acrobat PDF (853 KB)
Abstract
A novel design of dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators (SLMs) is proposed. In general, it is difficult to simultaneously achieve a wide viewing angle and an available width for the digital holographic display. Moreover, the wide viewing angle of a display system needs a large optical numerical aperture where the paraxial approximation fails, and thus an extremely large planar SLM is necessary in using previous methods. To solve this problem, our proposed display system is composed of a curved array of SLMs to obtain a large number of data points and reduce the spatial bandwidth in SLMs. In the curved array of SLMs, each SLM is individually transformed to display local angular spectra of object wave, which is based on a fundamental idea of holographic stereogram. To embody the dynamic holographic stereogram with SLMs, each SLM is effectively reformed for simplifying the optical structure and reducing the light power loss. In detail, spatially modulated wave is optically divided and transformed, as if each SLM were composed of three sub-SLMs. This design improves the scalability in viewing angle of holographic display and the loss of light power is significantly reduced. With this method, we can achieve the digital holographic display with 22.8° viewing angle.
© 2008 Optical Society of America
1. Introduction
5. K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996). [CrossRef]
6. C. Slinger, P. Brett, V. Hui, G. Monnington, D. Pain, and I. Sage, “Electrically controllable multiple, active, computer-generated hologram,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1113–1115 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9. J. T. McCrickerd and N. George, “Holographic stereogram from sequential component photographs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 10–12 (1968). [CrossRef]
14. M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, “High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic stereogram with a digital diffuser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 135–137 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
15. S. Chen and M. R. Chatterjee, “Implementation of a spatially multiplexed pixelated three-dimensional display by use of a holographic optical element array,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7504–7513 (1998). [CrossRef]
16. S. Shin and B. Javidi, “Speckle-reduced three-dimensional volume holographic display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2644–2649 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
17. S. Shin and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle enhancement of speckle-reduced volume holographic three-dimensional display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5562–5567 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
18. K. Choi, J. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Full parallax viewing-angle enhanced computer-generated holographic 3D display system using integral lens array,” Opt. Express 13, 10494–10502 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
2. Field of view generated by a single SLM
3. Field of view generated by a curved array of SLMs
4. Effectively reformed SLM with scalability
5. Embodiment of digital holographic display
6. Experimental results
23. H. Kim, J. Hahn, and B. Lee, “Mathematical modeling of triangle mesh-modeled three-dimensional surface objects for digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D117–D127 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
7. Conclusion
Acknowledgment
References and links
1. | P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 17, 1647–1658 (2007). [CrossRef] |
2. | M. Kovachev, R. Ilieva, P. Benzie, G. B. Esmer, L. Onural, J. Watson, and T. Reyhan, “Holographic displays using spatial light modulators,” in Three-Dimensional Television: Capture, Transmission, and Display, H. M. Ozaktas and L. Onural, eds., (Springer Verlag, 2007), pp. 529–556. |
3. | L. Onural, A. Gotchev, H. M. Ozaktas, and E. Stoykova, “A survey of signal processing problems and tools in holographic three-dimensional television,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 17, 1631–1646 (2007). [CrossRef] |
4. | N. Fukaya, K. Maeno, O. Nishikawa, K. Matumoto, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Expansion of the image size and viewing zone in holographic display using liquid crystal devices,” Proc. SPIE 2406, 283–289 (1995). |
5. | K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996). [CrossRef] |
6. | C. Slinger, P. Brett, V. Hui, G. Monnington, D. Pain, and I. Sage, “Electrically controllable multiple, active, computer-generated hologram,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1113–1115 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
7. | M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling╍a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003). [CrossRef] |
8. | C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004). [CrossRef] |
9. | J. T. McCrickerd and N. George, “Holographic stereogram from sequential component photographs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 10–12 (1968). [CrossRef] |
10. | S. A. Benton, “Survey of holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 367, 15–19 (1983). |
11. | J. R. Andrews, J. E. Stinehour, M. H. Lean, D. O. Potyondy, P. A. Wawrzynek, A. R. Ingraffea, and M. D. Rainsdon, “Holographic display of computer simulations,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 110–123 (1991). [CrossRef] |
12. | M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, “The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 142–155 (1991). [CrossRef] |
13. | T. Yatagai and Y. Sando, “Phase-shifting digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-dimensional Display, T.-C. Poon, ed., (Springer, 2006), pp. 257–272. |
14. | M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, “High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic stereogram with a digital diffuser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 135–137 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
15. | S. Chen and M. R. Chatterjee, “Implementation of a spatially multiplexed pixelated three-dimensional display by use of a holographic optical element array,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7504–7513 (1998). [CrossRef] |
16. | S. Shin and B. Javidi, “Speckle-reduced three-dimensional volume holographic display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2644–2649 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
17. | S. Shin and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle enhancement of speckle-reduced volume holographic three-dimensional display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5562–5567 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
18. | K. Choi, J. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Full parallax viewing-angle enhanced computer-generated holographic 3D display system using integral lens array,” Opt. Express 13, 10494–10502 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
19. | J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed. (Roberts & Company Publishers, 2004). |
20. | M. J. Bastiaans, “Transport equations for the Wigner distribution function,” Opt. Acta 26, 1265–1272 (1979). [CrossRef] |
21. | Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,” Appl. Opt. 44, 546–552 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
22. | J. Hahn, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Optimization of the spatial light modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystals by a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 47, D87–D95 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
23. | H. Kim, J. Hahn, and B. Lee, “Mathematical modeling of triangle mesh-modeled three-dimensional surface objects for digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 47, D117–D127 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
OCIS Codes
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators
ToC Category:
Holography
History
Original Manuscript: May 19, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 26, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: July 30, 2008
Published: August 1, 2008
Citation
Joonku Hahn, Hwi Kim, Yongjun Lim, Gilbae Park, and Byoungho Lee, "Wide viewing angle dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators," Opt. Express 16, 12372-12386 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-12372
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References
- P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, "A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 17, 1647-1658 (2007). [CrossRef]
- M. Kovachev, R. Ilieva, P. Benzie, G. B. Esmer, L. Onural, J. Watson, and T. Reyhan, "Holographic displays using spatial light modulators," in Three-Dimensional Television: Capture, Transmission, and Display, H. M. Ozaktas and L. Onural, eds., (Springer Verlag, 2007), pp. 529-556.
- L. Onural, A. Gotchev, H. M. Ozaktas, and E. Stoykova, "A survey of signal processing problems and tools in holographic three-dimensional television," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 17, 1631-1646 (2007). [CrossRef]
- N. Fukaya, K. Maeno, O. Nishikawa, K. Matumoto, K. Sato, and T. Honda, "Expansion of the image size and viewing zone in holographic display using liquid crystal devices," Proc. SPIE 2406, 283-289 (1995).
- K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, "Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD," Proc. SPIE 2652, 15-23 (1996). [CrossRef]
- C. Slinger, P. Brett, V. Hui, G. Monnington, D. Pain, and I. Sage, "Electrically controllable multiple, active, computer-generated hologram," Opt. Lett. 22, 1113-1115 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, "100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling--a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system," Proc. SPIE 5005, 247-258 (2003). [CrossRef]
- C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, "Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization," Proc. SPIE 5290, 27-41 (2004). [CrossRef]
- J. T. McCrickerd and N. George, "Holographic stereogram from sequential component photographs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 10-12 (1968). [CrossRef]
- S. A. Benton, "Survey of holographic stereograms," Proc. SPIE 367, 15-19 (1983).
- J. R. Andrews, J. E. Stinehour, M. H. Lean, D. O. Potyondy, P. A. Wawrzynek, A. R. Ingraffea, and M. D. Rainsdon, "Holographic display of computer simulations," Proc. SPIE 1461, 110-123 (1991). [CrossRef]
- M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, "The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram," Proc. SPIE 1461, 142-155 (1991). [CrossRef]
- T. Yatagai and Y. Sando, "Phase-shifting digital holography," in Digital Holography and Three-dimensional Display, T.-C. Poon, ed., (Springer, 2006), pp. 257-272.
- M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, "High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic stereogram with a digital diffuser," Opt. Lett. 19, 135-137 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Chen and M. R. Chatterjee, "Implementation of a spatially multiplexed pixelated three-dimensional display by use of a holographic optical element array," Appl. Opt. 37, 7504-7513 (1998). [CrossRef]
- S. Shin and B. Javidi, "Speckle-reduced three-dimensional volume holographic display by use of integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 41, 2644-2649 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Shin and B. Javidi, "Viewing-angle enhancement of speckle-reduced volume holographic three-dimensional display by use of integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 41, 5562-5567 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. Choi, J. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, "Full parallax viewing-angle enhanced computer-generated holographic 3D display system using integral lens array," Opt. Express 13, 10494-10502 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed. (Roberts & Company Publishers, 2004).
- M. J. Bastiaans, "Transport equations for the Wigner distribution function," Opt. Acta 26, 1265-1272 (1979). [CrossRef]
- Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array," Appl. Opt. 44, 546-552 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Hahn, H. Kim, and B. Lee, "Optimization of the spatial light modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystals by a genetic algorithm," Appl. Opt. 47, D87-D95 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. Kim, J. Hahn, and B. Lee, "Mathematical modeling of triangle mesh-modeled three-dimensional surface objects for digital holography," Appl. Opt. 47, D117-D127 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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