Chirped dissipative soliton absorption spectroscopy |
Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 17480-17492 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.017480
Acrobat PDF (1235 KB)
Abstract
We present analytical theory of dissipative soliton absorption spectroscopy. A dissipative soliton formed in an all-normal-dispersion oscillator with a narrowband intracavity absorber acquires spectral features that follow the index of refraction of the absorber, as confirmed by numerical simulations and experimental evidence. In contrast to the soliton absorption spectroscopy in an anomalous dispersion regime, we anticipate resonant enhancement of a modulation signal near the pulse spectrum edges that results in an additional signal gain. We further show that the pulse acquires a nanosecond-long tail in the time domain and provide simple formula for estimation of its energy content.
© 2011 OSA
1. Introduction
1. V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171 (1999). [CrossRef]
5. V. A. Akimov, A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, and M. P. Frolov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy by using a Fe^{2+}:ZnSe laser,” Quantum Electron. 37, 1071–1075 (2007). [CrossRef]
6. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a SESAM mode-locked cr:znse laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CMQ2. [PubMed]
7. R. Böhm, A. Stephani, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a Nd^{3+}-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1955–1957 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9. A. Starka, L. Correiaa, M. Teichmanna, S. Salewskia, C. Larsenb, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheka, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with thulium-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 215, 113–123 (2003). [CrossRef]
10. J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, V. L. Kalashnikov, and N. Picqué, “Enhancement of molecular dispersion spectral signatures in mode-locked lasers,” in EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference on Solid-state, Fiber and Waveguide Light Sources, Abstract Volume 32G (CD) (Paris, France, 2008), paper WEoB.4. [PubMed]
12. J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, “Fourier transform spectroscopy with a laser frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 3, 99–102 (2009). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
14. A. Fernandez, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fürbach, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: a route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1366–1368 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
15. A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtoseond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
2. Model
18. E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, “Heavily-chirped solitary pulses in the normal dispersion region: new solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation,” JETP Lett. 82, 467–471 (2005). [CrossRef]
19. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 503–510 (2006). [CrossRef]
20. V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 13 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/NCGLE1.html
21. V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 14 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/perturb2.html
18. E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, “Heavily-chirped solitary pulses in the normal dispersion region: new solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation,” JETP Lett. 82, 467–471 (2005). [CrossRef]
19. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 503–510 (2006). [CrossRef]
22. V. L. Kalashnikov, “Chirped dissipative solitons of the complex cubic-quintic nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 046606 (2009). [CrossRef]
23. V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Chernykh, “Spectral anomalies and stability of chirped-pulse oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033820 (2007). [CrossRef]
23. V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Chernykh, “Spectral anomalies and stability of chirped-pulse oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033820 (2007). [CrossRef]
24. V. L. Kalashnikov, “Dissipative solitons: perturbations and chaos formation,” Chaos Theory. Modeling, Simulation and Applications: Selected Papers from the 3rd Chaotic Modeling and Simulation International Conference (CHAOS2010), Ch.H. Skiadas, I. Dimotikalis, and Ch. Skiadas, Eds., pp. 199–206 (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2011) (also arXiv:1006.2223 [physics.optics]). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
21. V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 14 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/perturb2.html
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
3. Results and discussion
19. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 503–510 (2006). [CrossRef]
22. V. L. Kalashnikov, “Chirped dissipative solitons of the complex cubic-quintic nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 046606 (2009). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
23. V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Chernykh, “Spectral anomalies and stability of chirped-pulse oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033820 (2007). [CrossRef]
24. V. L. Kalashnikov, “Dissipative solitons: perturbations and chaos formation,” Chaos Theory. Modeling, Simulation and Applications: Selected Papers from the 3rd Chaotic Modeling and Simulation International Conference (CHAOS2010), Ch.H. Skiadas, I. Dimotikalis, and Ch. Skiadas, Eds., pp. 199–206 (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2011) (also arXiv:1006.2223 [physics.optics]). [CrossRef]
4. Numerical and experimental verification
19. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 503–510 (2006). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
5. Conclusion
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
13. V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
Acknowledgments
References and links
1. | V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171 (1999). [CrossRef] |
2. | V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, and M. P. Frolov, “Spectral dynamics of intracavity absorption in a pulsed Cr^{2+}:ZnSe laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 425–428 (2005). [CrossRef] |
3. | E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, “Sensitive multiplex spectroscopy in the molecular fingerprint 2.4 μm region with a Cr^{2+}:ZnSe femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 15, 16540–16545 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
4. | Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2008). [CrossRef] |
5. | V. A. Akimov, A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, and M. P. Frolov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy by using a Fe^{2+}:ZnSe laser,” Quantum Electron. 37, 1071–1075 (2007). [CrossRef] |
6. | I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a SESAM mode-locked cr:znse laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CMQ2. [PubMed] |
7. | R. Böhm, A. Stephani, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a Nd^{3+}-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1955–1957 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
8. | Yu. O. Barmenkov, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Time-domain fiber laser hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2461–2463 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
9. | A. Starka, L. Correiaa, M. Teichmanna, S. Salewskia, C. Larsenb, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheka, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with thulium-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 215, 113–123 (2003). [CrossRef] |
10. | J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, V. L. Kalashnikov, and N. Picqué, “Enhancement of molecular dispersion spectral signatures in mode-locked lasers,” in EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference on Solid-state, Fiber and Waveguide Light Sources, Abstract Volume 32G (CD) (Paris, France, 2008), paper WEoB.4. [PubMed] |
11. | V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, J. Mandon, N. Picqué, G. Guelachvili, and I. T. Sorokina, “Femtosecond lasers for intracavity molecular spectroscopy,” in EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference on Solid-state, Fiber and Waveguide Light Sources, Abstract Volume 32G (CD) (Paris, France, 2008), paper TUoA.3. [PubMed] |
12. | J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, “Fourier transform spectroscopy with a laser frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 3, 99–102 (2009). [CrossRef] |
13. | V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef] |
14. | A. Fernandez, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fürbach, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: a route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1366–1368 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
15. | A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtoseond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
16. | V. L. Kalashnikov, “Chirped dissipative solitons,” Nonlinear Dynamics and Applications, vol. 16, L. F. Babichev and V. I. Kuvshinov, Eds., pp. 58–67 (Minsk, 2010) (also arXiv:1001.4918 [physics.optics]). |
17. | N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman and Hall, 1997). |
18. | E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, “Heavily-chirped solitary pulses in the normal dispersion region: new solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation,” JETP Lett. 82, 467–471 (2005). [CrossRef] |
19. | V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 503–510 (2006). [CrossRef] |
20. | V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 13 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/NCGLE1.html |
21. | V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 14 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/perturb2.html |
22. | V. L. Kalashnikov, “Chirped dissipative solitons of the complex cubic-quintic nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 046606 (2009). [CrossRef] |
23. | V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Chernykh, “Spectral anomalies and stability of chirped-pulse oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033820 (2007). [CrossRef] |
24. | V. L. Kalashnikov, “Dissipative solitons: perturbations and chaos formation,” Chaos Theory. Modeling, Simulation and Applications: Selected Papers from the 3rd Chaotic Modeling and Simulation International Conference (CHAOS2010), Ch.H. Skiadas, I. Dimotikalis, and Ch. Skiadas, Eds., pp. 199–206 (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2011) (also arXiv:1006.2223 [physics.optics]). [CrossRef] |
25. | E. Sorokin and I. T. Sorokina “Ultrashort-pulsed Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:ZnSe laser,” paper CF1.3-WED at CLEO/Europe 2009. |
OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser
ToC Category:
Spectroscopy
History
Original Manuscript: June 20, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 28, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2011
Published: August 22, 2011
Citation
Vladimir L. Kalashnikov, Evgeni Sorokin, and Irina T. Sorokina, "Chirped dissipative soliton absorption spectroscopy," Opt. Express 19, 17480-17492 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-18-17480
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References
- V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171 (1999). [CrossRef]
- V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, and M. P. Frolov, “Spectral dynamics of intracavity absorption in a pulsed Cr2+:ZnSe laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 425–428 (2005). [CrossRef]
- E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, “Sensitive multiplex spectroscopy in the molecular fingerprint 2.4 μm region with a Cr2+:ZnSe femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 15, 16540–16545 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications , M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2008). [CrossRef]
- V. A. Akimov, A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, and M. P. Frolov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy by using a Fe2+:ZnSe laser,” Quantum Electron. 37, 1071–1075 (2007). [CrossRef]
- I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a SESAM mode-locked cr:znse laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CMQ2. [PubMed]
- R. Böhm, A. Stephani, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a Nd3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1955–1957 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Yu. O. Barmenkov, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Time-domain fiber laser hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2461–2463 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. Starka, L. Correiaa, M. Teichmanna, S. Salewskia, C. Larsenb, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheka, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with thulium-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 215, 113–123 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, V. L. Kalashnikov, and N. Picqué, “Enhancement of molecular dispersion spectral signatures in mode-locked lasers,” in EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference on Solid-state, Fiber and Waveguide Light Sources, Abstract Volume 32G (CD) (Paris, France, 2008), paper WEoB.4. [PubMed]
- V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, J. Mandon, N. Picqué, G. Guelachvili, and I. T. Sorokina, “Femtosecond lasers for intracavity molecular spectroscopy,” in EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference on Solid-state, Fiber and Waveguide Light Sources, Abstract Volume 32G (CD) (Paris, France, 2008), paper TUoA.3. [PubMed]
- J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, “Fourier transform spectroscopy with a laser frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 3, 99–102 (2009). [CrossRef]
- V. L. Kalashnikov and E. Sorokin, “Soliton absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033840 (2010). [CrossRef]
- A. Fernandez, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fürbach, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: a route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1366–1368 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtoseond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- V. L. Kalashnikov, “Chirped dissipative solitons,” Nonlinear Dynamics and Applications , vol. 16, L. F. Babichev and V. I. Kuvshinov, Eds., pp. 58–67 (Minsk, 2010) (also arXiv:1001.4918 [physics.optics]).
- N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman and Hall, 1997).
- E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, “Heavily-chirped solitary pulses in the normal dispersion region: new solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation,” JETP Lett. 82, 467–471 (2005). [CrossRef]
- V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 503–510 (2006). [CrossRef]
- V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 13 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/NCGLE1.html
- V. L. Kalashnikov, Maple 14 computer algebra worksheet, http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/perturb2.html
- V. L. Kalashnikov, “Chirped dissipative solitons of the complex cubic-quintic nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 80, 046606 (2009). [CrossRef]
- V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Chernykh, “Spectral anomalies and stability of chirped-pulse oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033820 (2007). [CrossRef]
- V. L. Kalashnikov, “Dissipative solitons: perturbations and chaos formation,” Chaos Theory. Modeling, Simulation and Applications: Selected Papers from the 3rd Chaotic Modeling and Simulation International Conference (CHAOS2010) , Ch.H. Skiadas, I. Dimotikalis, and Ch. Skiadas, Eds., pp. 199–206 (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2011) (also arXiv:1006.2223 [physics.optics]). [CrossRef]
- E. Sorokin and I. T. Sorokina “Ultrashort-pulsed Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:ZnSe laser,” paper CF1.3-WED at CLEO/Europe 2009.
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