## 100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio |

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 26, pp. B125-B130 (2011)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.00B125

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### Abstract

We report the design and fabrication of a hybrid-integration-type coherent receiver. We optimize the receiver building blocks, and achieve a −25-dB common-mode rejection ratio and a 20-dB signal input power dynamic range.

© 2011 OSA

## 1. Introduction

1. H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. **1**(11), 398–400 (1989). [CrossRef]

## 2. Design

### 2.1 Overview

6. T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, and K. Murata, “All-in-one 100-Gbit/s DP-QPSK coherent receiver using novel PLC-based integration structure with low-loss and wide-tolerance multi-channel optical coupling,” in Proc. OECC 2010, PDP PD6 (2010).

7. K. Murata, T. Saida, K. Sano, I. Ogawa, H. Fukuyama, R. Kasahara, Y. Muramoto, H. Nosaka, S. Tsunashima, T. Mizuno, H. Tanobe, K. Hattori, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Kawakami, and E. Yoshida, “100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.1 (2011).

### 2.2 Silica-based PLC

### 2.3 Photodiodes

9. T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. **46**(13), 941–943 (2010). [CrossRef]

10. Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. **39**(24), 1749–1750 (2003). [CrossRef]

### 2.4 Transimpedance amplifiers

_{T}) is 170 GHz. Its power supply voltage is designed to be +3.3 V, which is commonly used in transponder modules. Figure 4 shows the TIA circuit diagram. The operation mode of the TIA can be switched between auto-gain control (AGC) and manual-gain control (MGC) modes. In addition, the TIA is equipped with an output amplitude adjustment function, an output shutdown function and a peak amplitude monitor.

## 3. Characteristics of receivers

## 4. Conclusion

## Acknowledgements

## References and links

1. | H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. |

2. | S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. |

3. | C. R. Doerr, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, M. P. Earnshaw, J. S. Weiner, D. M. Gill, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, PDPB2 (2009). |

4. | C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, and P. J. Winzer, “Monolithic InP multi-wavelength coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2010, PDPB1 (2010). |

5. | A. Beling, N. Ebel, A. Matiss, G. Unterbörsch, M. Nölle, J. K. Fischer, J. Hilt, L. Molle, C. Schubert, F. Verluise, and L. Fulop, “Fully-integrated polarization-diversity coherent receiver module for 100G DP-QPSK,” in Proc. OSA/OFC/NFOEC 2011, OML5 (2011). |

6. | T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, and K. Murata, “All-in-one 100-Gbit/s DP-QPSK coherent receiver using novel PLC-based integration structure with low-loss and wide-tolerance multi-channel optical coupling,” in Proc. OECC 2010, PDP PD6 (2010). |

7. | K. Murata, T. Saida, K. Sano, I. Ogawa, H. Fukuyama, R. Kasahara, Y. Muramoto, H. Nosaka, S. Tsunashima, T. Mizuno, H. Tanobe, K. Hattori, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Kawakami, and E. Yoshida, “100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.1 (2011). |

8. | Y. Nasu, T. Mizuno, R. Kasahara, and T. Saida, “Temperature insensitive and ultra wideband silica-based dual polarization optical hybrid for coherent receiver with highly symmetrical interferometer design,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.4 (2011). |

9. | T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. |

10. | Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. |

11. | Y. K. Fukai, K. Kurishima, M. Ida, S. Yamahata, and T. Enoki, “Highly reliable InP-based HBTs with a ledge structure operating at a current density over 2mA/μm2”, in Proc. IPRM 2005, 339–342 (2005). |

**OCIS Codes**

(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications

(250.3140) Optoelectronics : Integrated optoelectronic circuits

**ToC Category:**

Waveguide and Opto-Electronic Devices

**History**

Original Manuscript: October 3, 2011

Revised Manuscript: October 14, 2011

Manuscript Accepted: October 15, 2011

Published: November 17, 2011

**Virtual Issues**

European Conference on Optical Communication 2011 (2011) *Optics Express*

**Citation**

Koichi Murata, Takashi Saida, Kimikazu Sano, Ikuo Ogawa, Hiroyuki Fukuyama, Ryoichi Kasahara, Yoshifumi Muramoto, Hideyuki Nosaka, Satoshi Tsunashima, Takayuki Mizuno, Hiromasa Tanobe, Kuninori Hattori, Toshihide Yoshimatsu, Hiroto Kawakami, and Eiji Yoshida, "100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio," Opt. Express **19**, B125-B130 (2011)

http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-26-B125

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### References

- H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1(11), 398–400 (1989). [CrossRef]
- S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 537–539 (1991). [CrossRef]
- C. R. Doerr, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, M. P. Earnshaw, J. S. Weiner, D. M. Gill, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, PDPB2 (2009).
- C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, and P. J. Winzer, “Monolithic InP multi-wavelength coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2010, PDPB1 (2010).
- A. Beling, N. Ebel, A. Matiss, G. Unterbörsch, M. Nölle, J. K. Fischer, J. Hilt, L. Molle, C. Schubert, F. Verluise, and L. Fulop, “Fully-integrated polarization-diversity coherent receiver module for 100G DP-QPSK,” in Proc. OSA/OFC/NFOEC 2011, OML5 (2011).
- T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, and K. Murata, “All-in-one 100-Gbit/s DP-QPSK coherent receiver using novel PLC-based integration structure with low-loss and wide-tolerance multi-channel optical coupling,” in Proc. OECC 2010, PDP PD6 (2010).
- K. Murata, T. Saida, K. Sano, I. Ogawa, H. Fukuyama, R. Kasahara, Y. Muramoto, H. Nosaka, S. Tsunashima, T. Mizuno, H. Tanobe, K. Hattori, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Kawakami, and E. Yoshida, “100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.1 (2011).
- Y. Nasu, T. Mizuno, R. Kasahara, and T. Saida, “Temperature insensitive and ultra wideband silica-based dual polarization optical hybrid for coherent receiver with highly symmetrical interferometer design,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.4 (2011).
- T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett.46(13), 941–943 (2010). [CrossRef]
- Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett.39(24), 1749–1750 (2003). [CrossRef]
- Y. K. Fukai, K. Kurishima, M. Ida, S. Yamahata, and T. Enoki, “Highly reliable InP-based HBTs with a ledge structure operating at a current density over 2mA/μm2”, in Proc. IPRM 2005, 339–342 (2005).

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