Experimental investigation in transmission performance of polarization-entangled photon-pairs generated by cascaded χ^{(2)} processes over standard single-mode optical fibers |
Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 14, pp. 15336-15346 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.015336
Acrobat PDF (3157 KB)
Abstract
In this paper we report experimental investigation in transmission performance over standard single-mode optical fibers (SMFs) of polarization-entangled photon-pairs in a 1.5-μm band generated by cascaded second-harmonic generation and spontaneous parametric down conversion (c-SHG/SPDC) from a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} (PPLN) ridge-waveguide device. Clear two-photon interference fringes were observed even after the transmission over 140 km of the SMF spools, remaining small degradation in the visibilities of less than 3%. The performance was also investigated by using optical attenuators, instead of the SMF spools, to study the maximum reach of the distribution of the entanglement in terms of loss penalty. The results show that the quantum entanglement could be distributed even with 50 dB of the transmission loss with violation of Bell inequality by using the c-SHG/SPDC-based photon-pair source.
© 2012 OSA
1. Introduction
8. A. Treiber, A. Poppe, M. Hentschel, D. Ferrini, T. Lorünser, E. Querasser, T. Matyus, H. Hübel, and A. Zeilinger, “A fully automated entanglement-based quantum cryptography system for telecom fiber networks,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045013 (2009). [CrossRef]
9. K. J. Resch, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, H. R. Böhm, A. Fedrizzi, C. Kurtsiefer, A. Poppe, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, H. Weier, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Distributing entanglement and single photons through an intra-city, free-space quantum channel,” Opt. Express 13(1), 202–209 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
10. R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Ömer, M. Fürst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement-based quantum communication over 144 km,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 481–486 (2007). [CrossRef]
7. J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
7. J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
11. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-microm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7832–7839 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
12. K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20368–20373 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
13. M. Hunault, H. Takesue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of time-bin entangled photon pairs by cascaded second-order nonlinearity in a single periodically poled LiNbO_{3} waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1239–1241 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
15. S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, and S. Inoue, “Experimental studies in generation of high-purity photon-pairs using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge-waveguide device,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(3), 434–442 (2012). [CrossRef]
14. S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16032–16043 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
15. S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, and S. Inoue, “Experimental studies in generation of high-purity photon-pairs using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge-waveguide device,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(3), 434–442 (2012). [CrossRef]
2. Experimental setup
14. S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16032–16043 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
2. T. Honjo, H. Takesue, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, and K. Inoue, “Long-distance distribution of time-bin entangled photon pairs over 100 km using frequency up-conversion detectors,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13957–13964 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
8. A. Treiber, A. Poppe, M. Hentschel, D. Ferrini, T. Lorünser, E. Querasser, T. Matyus, H. Hübel, and A. Zeilinger, “A fully automated entanglement-based quantum cryptography system for telecom fiber networks,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045013 (2009). [CrossRef]
2. T. Honjo, H. Takesue, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, and K. Inoue, “Long-distance distribution of time-bin entangled photon pairs over 100 km using frequency up-conversion detectors,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13957–13964 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
4. Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, C. Langrock, X. Xie, B. Baek, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Distribution of time-energy entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5776–5781 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
5. T. Honjo, S. W. Nam, H. Takesue, Q. Zhang, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, B. Baek, R. Hadfield, S. Miki, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, K. Inoue, and Y. Yamamoto, “Long-distance entanglement-based quantum key distribution over optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19118–19126 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
7. J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
3. H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, and A. Zeilinger, “High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7853–7862 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
8. A. Treiber, A. Poppe, M. Hentschel, D. Ferrini, T. Lorünser, E. Querasser, T. Matyus, H. Hübel, and A. Zeilinger, “A fully automated entanglement-based quantum cryptography system for telecom fiber networks,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045013 (2009). [CrossRef]
16. G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, “Automated plug & play quantum key distribution,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2116–2117 (1998). [CrossRef]
3. Experimental entanglement distribution
3.1Distribution over the SMF reels
17. B. Miquel and H. Takesue, “Observation of 1.5μm band entanglement using single photon detectors based on sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045006 (2009). [CrossRef]
14. S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16032–16043 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
14. S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16032–16043 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
3.2 Distribution over the optical attenuators
3.3 Discussion on the experimental results
18. H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5721–5727 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
17. B. Miquel and H. Takesue, “Observation of 1.5μm band entanglement using single photon detectors based on sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045006 (2009). [CrossRef]
7. J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
7. J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
3. H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, and A. Zeilinger, “High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7853–7862 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
8. A. Treiber, A. Poppe, M. Hentschel, D. Ferrini, T. Lorünser, E. Querasser, T. Matyus, H. Hübel, and A. Zeilinger, “A fully automated entanglement-based quantum cryptography system for telecom fiber networks,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045013 (2009). [CrossRef]
4. Conclusion
References and links
1. | C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, “Distribution of fiber-generated polarization entangled photon-pairs over 100 km of standard fiber in OC-192 WDM environment,” post deadline paper, Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC’2006), paper PDP35. |
2. | T. Honjo, H. Takesue, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, and K. Inoue, “Long-distance distribution of time-bin entangled photon pairs over 100 km using frequency up-conversion detectors,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13957–13964 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
3. | H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, and A. Zeilinger, “High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7853–7862 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
4. | Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, C. Langrock, X. Xie, B. Baek, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Distribution of time-energy entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5776–5781 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
5. | T. Honjo, S. W. Nam, H. Takesue, Q. Zhang, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, B. Baek, R. Hadfield, S. Miki, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, K. Inoue, and Y. Yamamoto, “Long-distance entanglement-based quantum key distribution over optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19118–19126 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
6. | H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, and K. Kikuchi, “Distribution of polarization-entangled photon pairs produced via spontaneous parametric down-conversion within a local-area fiber network: Theoretical model and experiment,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14512–14523 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
7. | J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
8. | A. Treiber, A. Poppe, M. Hentschel, D. Ferrini, T. Lorünser, E. Querasser, T. Matyus, H. Hübel, and A. Zeilinger, “A fully automated entanglement-based quantum cryptography system for telecom fiber networks,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045013 (2009). [CrossRef] |
9. | K. J. Resch, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, H. R. Böhm, A. Fedrizzi, C. Kurtsiefer, A. Poppe, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, H. Weier, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Distributing entanglement and single photons through an intra-city, free-space quantum channel,” Opt. Express 13(1), 202–209 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
10. | R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Ömer, M. Fürst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement-based quantum communication over 144 km,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 481–486 (2007). [CrossRef] |
11. | H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-microm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7832–7839 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
12. | K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20368–20373 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
13. | M. Hunault, H. Takesue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of time-bin entangled photon pairs by cascaded second-order nonlinearity in a single periodically poled LiNbO_{3} waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1239–1241 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
14. | S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16032–16043 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
15. | S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, and S. Inoue, “Experimental studies in generation of high-purity photon-pairs using cascaded χ^{2} processes in a periodically poled LiNbO_{3} ridge-waveguide device,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(3), 434–442 (2012). [CrossRef] |
16. | G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, “Automated plug & play quantum key distribution,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2116–2117 (1998). [CrossRef] |
17. | B. Miquel and H. Takesue, “Observation of 1.5μm band entanglement using single photon detectors based on sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045006 (2009). [CrossRef] |
18. | H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5721–5727 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(270.4180) Quantum optics : Multiphoton processes
(270.5565) Quantum optics : Quantum communications
ToC Category:
Quantum Optics
History
Original Manuscript: May 8, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 7, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 7, 2012
Published: June 22, 2012
Citation
Shin Arahira and Hitoshi Murai, "Experimental investigation in transmission performance of polarization-entangled photon-pairs generated by cascaded χ^{(2)} processes over standard single-mode optical fibers," Opt. Express 20, 15336-15346 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-14-15336
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References
- C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, “Distribution of fiber-generated polarization entangled photon-pairs over 100 km of standard fiber in OC-192 WDM environment,” post deadline paper, Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC’2006), paper PDP35.
- T. Honjo, H. Takesue, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, and K. Inoue, “Long-distance distribution of time-bin entangled photon pairs over 100 km using frequency up-conversion detectors,” Opt. Express15(21), 13957–13964 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, and A. Zeilinger, “High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber,” Opt. Express15(12), 7853–7862 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, C. Langrock, X. Xie, B. Baek, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Distribution of time-energy entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Opt. Express16(8), 5776–5781 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- T. Honjo, S. W. Nam, H. Takesue, Q. Zhang, H. Kamada, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, B. Baek, R. Hadfield, S. Miki, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, K. Inoue, and Y. Yamamoto, “Long-distance entanglement-based quantum key distribution over optical fiber,” Opt. Express16(23), 19118–19126 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, and K. Kikuchi, “Distribution of polarization-entangled photon pairs produced via spontaneous parametric down-conversion within a local-area fiber network: Theoretical model and experiment,” Opt. Express16(19), 14512–14523 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers,” Opt. Express17(14), 11440–11449 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. Treiber, A. Poppe, M. Hentschel, D. Ferrini, T. Lorünser, E. Querasser, T. Matyus, H. Hübel, and A. Zeilinger, “A fully automated entanglement-based quantum cryptography system for telecom fiber networks,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045013 (2009). [CrossRef]
- K. J. Resch, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, H. R. Böhm, A. Fedrizzi, C. Kurtsiefer, A. Poppe, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, H. Weier, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Distributing entanglement and single photons through an intra-city, free-space quantum channel,” Opt. Express13(1), 202–209 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Ömer, M. Fürst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement-based quantum communication over 144 km,” Nat. Phys.3(7), 481–486 (2007). [CrossRef]
- H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-microm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express13(20), 7832–7839 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Hunault, H. Takesue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of time-bin entangled photon pairs by cascaded second-order nonlinearity in a single periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1239–1241 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ2 processes in a periodically poled LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express19(17), 16032–16043 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, and S. Inoue, “Experimental studies in generation of high-purity photon-pairs using cascaded χ2 processes in a periodically poled LiNbO3 ridge-waveguide device,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(3), 434–442 (2012). [CrossRef]
- G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, “Automated plug & play quantum key distribution,” Electron. Lett.34(22), 2116–2117 (1998). [CrossRef]
- B. Miquel and H. Takesue, “Observation of 1.5μm band entanglement using single photon detectors based on sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045006 (2009). [CrossRef]
- H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(8), 5721–5727 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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