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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 4 — Feb. 13, 2012
  • pp: 4503–4508
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High-dispersive mirrors for high power applications

V. Pervak, O. Pronin, O. Razskazovskaya, J. Brons, I. B. Angelov, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 4503-4508 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.004503


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Abstract

We report on the development and manufacturing of two different types of high-dispersive mirrors (HDM). One of them provides a record value for the group delay dispersion (GDD) of −4000 fs2 and covers the wavelength range of 1027-1033 nm, whereas the other one provides −3000 fs2 over the wavelength range of 1020-1040 nm. Both of the fabricated mirrors exhibit a reflectance of >99.9% and are well suited for intracavity applications. Mirrors of the second type have been successfully employed in a Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator for the generation of 200-fs pulses with multi-10-W average power.

© 2012 OSA

1. Introduction

In the last decades, ultrafast high-energy oscillators and amplifiers have become ubiquitous in research labs as well as in a number of industrial applications [1

1. T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008). [CrossRef]

3

3. D. Linde, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, and J. Bialkowski, “Laser-solid interactions in the femtosecond time regime,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 109–110, 1–10 (1997). [CrossRef]

]. Recently, the pulse energy of femtosecond diode-pumped thin-disk oscillators has increased significantly to levels above 10 µJ at MHz-repetition rates and pulse durations have been reduced below 200 fs [4

4. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

7

7. O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M.-C. Amann, V. L. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonski, and F. Krausz, “High-power 200 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 36(24), 4746–4748 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. Such high energy lasers open new horizons in the femtosecond and attosecond science [8

8. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009). [CrossRef]

]. Dispersive mirrors (DM) [9

9. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19(3), 201–203 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

26

26. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19204–19212 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] constitute key components of these systems, with their performance significantly affecting that of the laser.

Capitalizing on recent advances in dispersive multilayer mirror technology [9

9. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19(3), 201–203 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

26

26. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19204–19212 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], here we report on a new generation of a low-loss and alignment-insensitive high-dispersive mirrors (HDM). In contrast to previously reported HDMs [21

21. V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007). [CrossRef]

,22

22. V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10220–10233 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] used in Yb:YAG disk oscillators and Ti:Sapphire oscillators and amplifiers, the new HDM provides higher values of GDD in the wavelength range from 1020 to 1040 nm, permitting scaling of sub-picosecond Yb:YAG disk oscillators [6

6. D. Bauer, F. Schättiger, J. Kleinbauer, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Energies above 30 μJ and average power beyond 100 W directly from a mode-locked thin-disk oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuC2.

, 27

27. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16966–16971 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

29

29. G. Palmer, M. Siegel, A. Steinmann, and U. Morgner, “Microjoule pulses from a passively mode-locked Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) thin-disk oscillator with cavity dumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1593–1595 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] to higher pulse energies and average powers.

High-power oscillators are not the only application of HDMs that can benefit from optics with high dispersion, low losses and negligible thermal effects. Enhancement cavity technology [30

30. I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high-repetition-rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 2052–2054 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] relies on such optics as well. Due to the high reflectivity of HDM (99.97%) one can use such mirrors in enhancement cavities requiring total losses to be suppressed to the level of 0.1-0.2% per roundtrip.

As a first application, we apply this novel HDM for power-scalable Kerr-lens mode-locking of an Yb:YAG thin-disk laser. We obtained 200-fs pulses at 17 W average power and 270-fs pulses at 45 W at 40 MHz repetition rate by using the prototypical HDM described in this paper for dispersion control inside of the cavity.

2. Design and production

To proof manufacturability of designs we performed an error yield analysis. It allows us to estimate how many designs with random deviations from target layer thicknesses will still fulfill our requirements. The error yield analysis is a statistical procedure, therefore the yield estimations may change for different runs with the same parameters. In order to have more stable results, we performed 1000 tests (corresponding to 1000 independent coating runs). The results of error yield analysis of HDM1 and HDM2 are summarized in Table 1

Table 1. The Theoretically Calculated Error Yield Analysis of HDM1 and HDM2

table-icon
View This Table
. For example, in case of 0.3% relative errors for HDM1 from 1000 virtual coating runs only 163 runs (corresponding to 16.3%) will fulfill requirements. In case of HDM2 - 237 coating runs (corresponding to 23.7%) will be successful. Similar behavior is observed for the absolute errors and larger relative errors (0.5%). Therefore HDM1 demonstrates smaller production yield for both absolute and relative errors. In order to experimentally demonstrate manufacturability of the HDM, we have produced designs discussed above. The HDMs consist of layers with thicknesses in the range from 15 nm to 800 nm. Time-controlled deposition is one of the most suitable layer thickness control techniques available for production of dispersive mirrors. In accordance with the error yield analysis, in order to realize designed HDMs, accuracy of the layer thicknesses better than 0.5 nm is required. The desired precision can be reached with a state-of-the-art magnetron sputtering machine (Helios, Leybold Optics GmbH, Alzenau, Germany), which is currently one of the most precise plants available for production of dispersive optics [20

20. V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

26

26. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19204–19212 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

, 32

32. V. Pervak, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2371–2380 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

].

The GDD values measured with white-light interferometer [38

38. T. V. Amotchkina, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, D. Grupe, A. Apolonski, and V. Pervak, “Measurement of group delay of dispersive mirrors with white-light interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 48(5), 949–956 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] are indicated by red crosses in Figs. 1-2. The measured values for HDM2 lie much closer to the calculated curve (see Fig. 2) in comparison to HDM1 (see Fig. 1). The difference between theoretical and measured GDD can be explained by higher sensitivity of the HDM1 design to errors in layer thicknesses and has been predicted by the error yield analysis. Both measurements are in a good agreement with the conclusion obtained from the error yield analysis.

3. Pulse analysis, applications, and perspectives

Modern high-energy thin-disk femtosecond oscillators mostly utilize two main perspective gain medias Yb:YAG and Yb:Lu2O3. The latter has an emission bandwidth of approximately 12 nm FWHM centered at 1034 nm. For oscillators operated at a negative cavity GDD, the maximum pulse energy that is achievable in the regime of stable operation is predicted to be given by [39

39. V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Apolonski, “Energy scalability of mode-locked oscillators: a completely analytical approach to analysis,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25757–25770 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]: EAeff/γ, where β is the net GDD, Aeff is the average mode area, E is the energy of pulse and γ is the net self-phase modulation coefficient. According to this formula the achievable pulse energy increases linearly with the magnitude of negative group-delay dispersion. To test the utility of the design, we simulated the propagation of a chirp-free Gaussian pulse of 200-fs pulse duration with spectrum as the one shown in Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pulse transmission analysis of HDM2. Intensity profiles of a bandwidth-limited Gaussian pulse (blue lines) and its replica, propagated through a hypothetical delay line made up of 10 bounces off the designed HDM2 with their nominal GDD and TOD removed (red lines) on a linear scale. Inset (below) the same intensity profile on a logarithmic scale. The amplitude of the pulse transmitted through the delay line is not normalized but can be directly compared to that of the input pulse, the temporal shift is artificial for better visibility. The theoretical spectrum is shown on the upper inset.
(upper inset) through a hypothetical delay line consisting of the designed mirrors with the target GDD removed.

We summed up two spectral dispersion curves: one which represents the material that must be compensated for (+3000 fs2), and another one with an opposite sign, which represents the designed dispersion of the mirror. This procedure takes into account all higher order dispersions, which are unavoidable for the DM. The GDD fluctuations accumulated over 10 bounces, affect negligibly the contrast of the pulse (see pulse in logarithmic scale, on Fig. 3), leaving its shape and duration almost unchanged. The main practical limitations for scaling of output power appeared to be the thermal effect and damage threshold of intracavity elements, including HDM. We have compared temperature changes on the surface of available mirrors at 47 W in a continuous wave operation of the laser. The output coupler has reflectivity of 94.5%, thus the intracavity power is by factor of 18 larger than the output power of the oscillator. We have measured temperature of mirrors around beam spot with thermal camera. Both HDM1 and HDM2 demonstrate relatively low temperature: maxima 311 K and 314 K, respectively. In case we switch power off, the temperature is drop to 298 K for whole surface of the mirror. The high-reflectance mirror (quarter-wave stack) made from the same alternating materials as HDM has maximum temperature of 312 K. The temperatures of all available mirrors have changed in the range from 311 K to 350 K.

HDM2 mirrors were successfully implemented in Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator [7

7. O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M.-C. Amann, V. L. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonski, and F. Krausz, “High-power 200 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 36(24), 4746–4748 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. It delivers 270-fs 1.1-μJ pulses at an average power of 45 W and a repetition rate of 40 MHz with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 25% (see Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Autocorrelation measurement and spectrum at 45W output power and 14% output coupler transmission. Time-bandwidth product is 0.36 (ideal 0.315).
).

4. Conclusions and discussion

For the first time, we demonstrate HDMs with GDDs as high as −3000 fs2 and −4000 fs2 at a central wavelength of 1030 nm ±5nm. The measured reflectance are >99.91% and >99.97% for HDM1 and HDM2, respectively. The novel robust synthesis technique was applied to the design of a high-dispersive mirror. The HDM2 were successfully implemented in an Yb:YAG disk oscillator with 270-fs pulses at an average power of 45 W and a repetition rate of 40 MHz. Beyond high-power oscillators the unique combination of high dispersion, low losses and negligible thermal effects are also expected to benefit enhancement cavity technology as well.

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the DFG Cluster of Excellence, “Munich Centre for Advanced Photonics” (www.munich-photonics.de) and by Russian Fund of Basic Research (RFBR), project 10-07-00480a (www.rfbr.ru).

References and links

1.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008). [CrossRef]

2.

X. Liu, D. Du, and G. Mourou, “Laser ablation and micromachining with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(10), 1706–1716 (1997). [CrossRef]

3.

D. Linde, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, and J. Bialkowski, “Laser-solid interactions in the femtosecond time regime,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 109–110, 1–10 (1997). [CrossRef]

4.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

5.

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009). [CrossRef]

6.

D. Bauer, F. Schättiger, J. Kleinbauer, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Energies above 30 μJ and average power beyond 100 W directly from a mode-locked thin-disk oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper ATuC2.

7.

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M.-C. Amann, V. L. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonski, and F. Krausz, “High-power 200 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 36(24), 4746–4748 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

8.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009). [CrossRef]

9.

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19(3), 201–203 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

10.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22(11), 831–833 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

11.

V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped mirror pairs for ultrabroadband dispersion control,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO_US) (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 187–188.

12.

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999). [CrossRef]

13.

F. Gires and P. Tournois, “Interféromètre utilisable d'impulsions lumineuses modulées en fréquence,” C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112–6115 (1964).

14.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative Dispersion Mirrors for Dispersion Control in Femtosecond Lasers: Chirped Dielectric Mirrors and Multi-cavity Gires-Tournois Interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S51–S57 (2000). [CrossRef]

15.

B. Golubovic, R. R. Austin, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, M. K. Reed, S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, and A. G. Van Engen, “Double Gires-Tournois interferometer negative-dispersion mirrors for use in tunable mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 25(4), 275–277 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

16.

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 882–885 (2001). [CrossRef]

17.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J.-W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(9), 990–1001 (2003). [CrossRef]

18.

G. Tempea, V. Yakovlev, B. Bacovic, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(11), 1747–1750 (2001). [CrossRef]

19.

G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2385–2396 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

20.

V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

21.

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007). [CrossRef]

22.

V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10220–10233 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

23.

M. Trubetskov, A. Tikhonravov, and V. Pervak, “Time-domain approach for designing dispersive mirrors based on the needle optimization technique. Theory,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20637–20647 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

24.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, J. Fulop, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Comparison of dispersive mirrors based on the time-domain and conventional approaches, for sub-5-fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2207–2217 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

25.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17(10), 7943–7951 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

26.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19204–19212 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

27.

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16966–16971 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

28.

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Pulse energy scaling to 5 microJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2728–2730 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

29.

G. Palmer, M. Siegel, A. Steinmann, and U. Morgner, “Microjoule pulses from a passively mode-locked Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) thin-disk oscillator with cavity dumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1593–1595 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

30.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high-repetition-rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 2052–2054 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

31.

M. K. Trubetskov and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of multilayer coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper TuA4.

32.

V. Pervak, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2371–2380 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

33.

OptiLayer software, http://www.optilayer.com

34.

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. Debell, “Application of the needle optimization technique to the design of optical coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35(28), 5493–5508 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

35.

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Optical coating design approaches based on the needle optimization technique,” Appl. Opt. 46(5), 704–710 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

36.

C. Y. Teisset, H. Fattahi, A. Sugita, L. Turi, X. Gu, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, F. Kraus, and A. Apolonski, “700 nJ b road-band MHz optical parametricamplifier,” in Ultra Fast Optics and High Field Short Wavelength Conference Program, Arcachon, (2009).

37.

http://www.novawavetech.com

38.

T. V. Amotchkina, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, D. Grupe, A. Apolonski, and V. Pervak, “Measurement of group delay of dispersive mirrors with white-light interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 48(5), 949–956 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

39.

V. L. Kalashnikov and A. Apolonski, “Energy scalability of mode-locked oscillators: a completely analytical approach to analysis,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25757–25770 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

OCIS Codes
(310.1620) Thin films : Interference coatings
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(310.4165) Thin films : Multilayer design
(310.5696) Thin films : Refinement and synthesis methods

ToC Category:
Thin Films

History
Original Manuscript: December 23, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 31, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 31, 2012
Published: February 8, 2012

Citation
V. Pervak, O. Pronin, O. Razskazovskaya, J. Brons, I. B. Angelov, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, "High-dispersive mirrors for high power applications," Opt. Express 20, 4503-4508 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-4-4503


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References

  1. T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics2(10), 599–604 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. X. Liu, D. Du, and G. Mourou, “Laser ablation and micromachining with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(10), 1706–1716 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Linde, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, and J. Bialkowski, “Laser-solid interactions in the femtosecond time regime,” Appl. Surf. Sci.109–110, 1–10 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett.35(13), 2302–2304 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 281–295 (2009). [CrossRef]
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