Ellipticity dependence of the near-threshold harmonics of H_{2} in an elliptical strong laser field |
Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 28676-28684 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.028676
Acrobat PDF (2786 KB)
Abstract
We study the ellipticity dependence of the near-threshold (NT) harmonics of pre-aligned H_{2} molecules using the time-dependent density functional theory. The anomalous maximum appearing at a non-zero ellipticity for the generated NT harmonics can be attributed to multiphoton effects of the orthogonally polarized component of the elliptical driving laser field. Our calculation also shows that the structure of the bound-state, such as molecular alignment and bond length, can be sensitively reflected on the ellipticity dependence of the near-threshold harmonics.
© 2013 Optical Society of America
1. Introduction
1. T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright Coherent Ultrahigh Harmonics in the keV X-ray Regime from Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
2. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
3. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
4. A. Flettner, J. König, M. B. Mason, T. Pfeifer, U. Weichmann, R. Düren, and G. Gerber, “Ellipticity dependence of atomic and molecular high harmonic generation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 115–119 (2002). [CrossRef]
6. Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, M. Y. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Electron wavepacket control with elliptically polarized laser light in high harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025015 (2008). [CrossRef]
7. P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
8. A. S. Landsman, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Hofmann, M. Smolarski, C. Cirelli, and U. Keller, “Rydberg state creation by tunnel ionization,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013001 (2013). [CrossRef]
9. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
11. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, H. Yumoto, and K. Miyazaki, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), R861–R864 (1997). [CrossRef]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
13. A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, S. Tonzani, T. Morishita, and C. D. Lin, “Quantitative rescattering theory for high-order harmonic generation from molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 013401 (2009). [CrossRef]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
11. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, H. Yumoto, and K. Miyazaki, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), R861–R864 (1997). [CrossRef]
10. M. Y. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54(1), 742–745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
14. V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, “Origin for Ellipticity of High-Order Harmonics Generated in Atomic Gases and the Sublaser-Cycle Evolution of Harmonic Polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
16. Y. Li, X. S. Zhu, Q. B. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. X. Lu, “Quantum-orbit analysis for yield and ellipticity of high order harmonic generation with elliptically polarized laser field,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4896–4907 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
11. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, H. Yumoto, and K. Miyazaki, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), R861–R864 (1997). [CrossRef]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
2. Theoretical method
17. P. R. T. Schipper, O. V. Gritsenko, S. J. A. van Gisbergen, and E. J. Baerends, “Molecular calculations of excitation energies and (hyper)polarizabilities with a statistical average of orbital model exchange-correlation potentials,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(3), 1344–1352 (2000). [CrossRef]
18. J. Heslar, D. Telnov, and S. I. Chu, “High-order-harmonic generation in homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules: Exploration of multiple orbital contributions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043414 (2011). [CrossRef]
21. X. Chu and G. C. Groenenboom, “Time-dependent density-functional-theory calculation of high-order-harmonic generation of H_{2},” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053402 (2012). [CrossRef]
22. N. Troullier and J. L. Martins, “Efficient pseudopotentials for plane-wave calculations,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(3), 1993–2006 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
23. X. Andrade, J. Alberdi-Rodriguez, D. A. Strubbe, M. J. T. Oliveira, F. Nogueira, A. Castro, J. Muguerza, A. Arruabarrena, S. G. Louie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, A. Rubio, and M. A. L. Marques, “Time-dependent density-functional theory in massively parallel computer architectures: the OCTOPUS project,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(23), 233202 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
24. K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
25. G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Three-dimensional time-proﬁle analysis of high-order harmonic generation in molecules: Nuclear interferences in H_{2}^{+},” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053407 (2005). [CrossRef]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
15. V. V. Strelkov, M. A. Khokhlova, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, “High-order harmonic generation by atoms in an elliptically polarized laser ﬁeld: Harmonic polarization properties and laser threshold ellipticity,” Phys. Rev. A 86(1), 013404 (2012). [CrossRef]
26. W. Bleakney, “The Ionization Potential of Molecular Hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. 40(4), 496–501 (1932). [CrossRef]
27. D. Neuhasuer and M. Baer, “The time-dependent Schrödinger equation: Application of absorbing boundary conditions,” J. Chem. Phys. 90(8), 4351 (1989). [CrossRef]
3. Results and discussions
21. X. Chu and G. C. Groenenboom, “Time-dependent density-functional-theory calculation of high-order-harmonic generation of H_{2},” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053402 (2012). [CrossRef]
28. F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, “Absorbing boundaries in numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation on a grid using exterior complex scaling,” Phys. Rev. A 75(5), 053407 (2007). [CrossRef]
29. M. Y. Ivanov, M. Spanner, and O. Smirnova, “Anatomy of strong field ionization,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(2-3), 165–184 (2005). [CrossRef]
4. A. Flettner, J. König, M. B. Mason, T. Pfeifer, U. Weichmann, R. Düren, and G. Gerber, “Ellipticity dependence of atomic and molecular high harmonic generation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 115–119 (2002). [CrossRef]
9. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
31. Y. Liang, M. V. Ammosov, and S. L. Chin, “High-order harmonic generation in argon by elliptically polarized picosecond dye laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 27(6), 1269–1276 (1994). [CrossRef]
32. K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
11. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, H. Yumoto, and K. Miyazaki, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), R861–R864 (1997). [CrossRef]
33. X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61(2), 021802 (2000). [CrossRef]
34. P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), R1750–R1753 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
15. V. V. Strelkov, M. A. Khokhlova, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, “High-order harmonic generation by atoms in an elliptically polarized laser ﬁeld: Harmonic polarization properties and laser threshold ellipticity,” Phys. Rev. A 86(1), 013404 (2012). [CrossRef]
20. X. Chu and G. C. Groenenboom, “Role of resonance-enhanced multiphoton excitation in high-harmonic generation of N_{2}: A time-dependent density-functional-theory study,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013434 (2013). [CrossRef]
33. X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61(2), 021802 (2000). [CrossRef]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
12. H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
4. Conclusion
References and links
1. | T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright Coherent Ultrahigh Harmonics in the keV X-ray Regime from Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
2. | P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
3. | M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
4. | A. Flettner, J. König, M. B. Mason, T. Pfeifer, U. Weichmann, R. Düren, and G. Gerber, “Ellipticity dependence of atomic and molecular high harmonic generation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 115–119 (2002). [CrossRef] |
5. | T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Ellipticity Dependence of High-Order Harmonic Generation from Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 053002 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
6. | Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, M. Y. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Electron wavepacket control with elliptically polarized laser light in high harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025015 (2008). [CrossRef] |
7. | P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
8. | A. S. Landsman, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Hofmann, M. Smolarski, C. Cirelli, and U. Keller, “Rydberg state creation by tunnel ionization,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013001 (2013). [CrossRef] |
9. | N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
10. | M. Y. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54(1), 742–745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
11. | M. Kakehata, H. Takada, H. Yumoto, and K. Miyazaki, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), R861–R864 (1997). [CrossRef] |
12. | H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
13. | A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, S. Tonzani, T. Morishita, and C. D. Lin, “Quantitative rescattering theory for high-order harmonic generation from molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 013401 (2009). [CrossRef] |
14. | V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, “Origin for Ellipticity of High-Order Harmonics Generated in Atomic Gases and the Sublaser-Cycle Evolution of Harmonic Polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
15. | V. V. Strelkov, M. A. Khokhlova, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, “High-order harmonic generation by atoms in an elliptically polarized laser ﬁeld: Harmonic polarization properties and laser threshold ellipticity,” Phys. Rev. A 86(1), 013404 (2012). [CrossRef] |
16. | Y. Li, X. S. Zhu, Q. B. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. X. Lu, “Quantum-orbit analysis for yield and ellipticity of high order harmonic generation with elliptically polarized laser field,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4896–4907 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
17. | P. R. T. Schipper, O. V. Gritsenko, S. J. A. van Gisbergen, and E. J. Baerends, “Molecular calculations of excitation energies and (hyper)polarizabilities with a statistical average of orbital model exchange-correlation potentials,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(3), 1344–1352 (2000). [CrossRef] |
18. | J. Heslar, D. Telnov, and S. I. Chu, “High-order-harmonic generation in homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules: Exploration of multiple orbital contributions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043414 (2011). [CrossRef] |
19. | D. A. Telnov, K. E. Sosnova, E. Rozenbaum, and S. I. Chu, “Exterior complex scaling method in time-dependent density-functional theory: Multiphoton ionization and high-order-harmonic generation of Ar atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(5), 053406 (2013). [CrossRef] |
20. | X. Chu and G. C. Groenenboom, “Role of resonance-enhanced multiphoton excitation in high-harmonic generation of N_{2}: A time-dependent density-functional-theory study,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013434 (2013). [CrossRef] |
21. | X. Chu and G. C. Groenenboom, “Time-dependent density-functional-theory calculation of high-order-harmonic generation of H_{2},” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053402 (2012). [CrossRef] |
22. | N. Troullier and J. L. Martins, “Efficient pseudopotentials for plane-wave calculations,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(3), 1993–2006 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
23. | X. Andrade, J. Alberdi-Rodriguez, D. A. Strubbe, M. J. T. Oliveira, F. Nogueira, A. Castro, J. Muguerza, A. Arruabarrena, S. G. Louie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, A. Rubio, and M. A. L. Marques, “Time-dependent density-functional theory in massively parallel computer architectures: the OCTOPUS project,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(23), 233202 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
24. | K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
25. | G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Three-dimensional time-proﬁle analysis of high-order harmonic generation in molecules: Nuclear interferences in H_{2}^{+},” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053407 (2005). [CrossRef] |
26. | W. Bleakney, “The Ionization Potential of Molecular Hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. 40(4), 496–501 (1932). [CrossRef] |
27. | D. Neuhasuer and M. Baer, “The time-dependent Schrödinger equation: Application of absorbing boundary conditions,” J. Chem. Phys. 90(8), 4351 (1989). [CrossRef] |
28. | F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, “Absorbing boundaries in numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation on a grid using exterior complex scaling,” Phys. Rev. A 75(5), 053407 (2007). [CrossRef] |
29. | M. Y. Ivanov, M. Spanner, and O. Smirnova, “Anatomy of strong field ionization,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(2-3), 165–184 (2005). [CrossRef] |
30. | A. Flettner, J. König, M. B. Mason, T. Pfeifer, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Atomic and molecular high-harmonic generation: A comparison of ellipticity dependence based on the three-step model,” J. Mod. Opt. 50, 529–537 (2003). |
31. | Y. Liang, M. V. Ammosov, and S. L. Chin, “High-order harmonic generation in argon by elliptically polarized picosecond dye laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 27(6), 1269–1276 (1994). [CrossRef] |
32. | K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
33. | X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61(2), 021802 (2000). [CrossRef] |
34. | P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), R1750–R1753 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
35. | S. De. Luca and E. Fiordilino, “Wavelet analysis of short harmonics generated in presence of a two colour laser field,” J. Mod. Opt. 45(9), 1775–1783 (1998). |
OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(020.2649) Atomic and molecular physics : Strong field laser physics
ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics
History
Original Manuscript: October 7, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 5, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 5, 2013
Published: November 14, 2013
Citation
Hua Yang, Peng Liu, Ruxin Li, and Zhizhan Xu, "Ellipticity dependence of the near-threshold harmonics of H_{2} in an elliptical strong laser field," Opt. Express 21, 28676-28684 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-23-28676
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References
- T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright Coherent Ultrahigh Harmonics in the keV X-ray Regime from Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Lasers,” Science336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(13), 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49(3), 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. Flettner, J. König, M. B. Mason, T. Pfeifer, U. Weichmann, R. Düren, and G. Gerber, “Ellipticity dependence of atomic and molecular high harmonic generation,” Eur. Phys. J. D21(1), 115–119 (2002). [CrossRef]
- T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Ellipticity Dependence of High-Order Harmonic Generation from Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(5), 053002 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, M. Y. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Electron wavepacket control with elliptically polarized laser light in high harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” New J. Phys.10(2), 025015 (2008). [CrossRef]
- P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A53(3), 1725–1745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. S. Landsman, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Hofmann, M. Smolarski, C. Cirelli, and U. Keller, “Rydberg state creation by tunnel ionization,” New J. Phys.15(1), 013001 (2013). [CrossRef]
- N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Y. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A54(1), 742–745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Kakehata, H. Takada, H. Yumoto, and K. Miyazaki, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A55(2), R861–R864 (1997). [CrossRef]
- H. Soifer, P. Botheron, D. Shafir, A. Diner, O. Raz, B. D. Bruner, Y. Mairesse, B. Pons, and N. Dudovich, “Near-Threshold High-Order Harmonic Spectroscopy with Aligned Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, S. Tonzani, T. Morishita, and C. D. Lin, “Quantitative rescattering theory for high-order harmonic generation from molecules,” Phys. Rev. A80(1), 013401 (2009). [CrossRef]
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