Concurrent optical parametric down-conversion in χ^{(2)} nonlinear photonic crystals |
Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 11, pp. 13164-13169 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.013164
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Abstract
We experimentally investigated concurrent parametric downconversion processes in a two-dimensional hexagonally poled lithium tantalate crystal. The substantial enhancement of parametric gain was observed when concurrent processes shared a common parametric beam. Both degenerate and nondegenerate concurrent parametric downconversion processes were studied. Analyses of the spatial forms and output angles showed a strong dependence on the working temperature, during which a well-defined beamlike parametric output was observed. Our results will stimulate the design for coherent high-gain generation of multiple parametric beams and also shed light on the compact engineering of path-entanglement with specific spatial forms based on concurrent spontaneous parametric downconversion processes.
© 2014 Optical Society of America
1. Introduction
1. V. Berger, “Nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(19), 4136–4139 (1998). [CrossRef]
5. M. Lazoul, A. Boudrioua, L. M. Simohamed, A. Fischer, and L. H. Peng, “Experimental study of multiwavelength parametric generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3892–3894 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
5. M. Lazoul, A. Boudrioua, L. M. Simohamed, A. Fischer, and L. H. Peng, “Experimental study of multiwavelength parametric generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3892–3894 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9. E. Megidish, A. Halevy, H. S. Eisenberg, A. Ganany-Padowicz, N. Habshoosh, and A. Arie, “Compact 2D nonlinear photonic crystal source of beamlike path entangled photons,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6689–6696 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
2. Experimental setup
3. Degenerate dual-PDC processes
4. Nondegenerate dual-PDC processes
5. Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References and links
1. | V. Berger, “Nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(19), 4136–4139 (1998). [CrossRef] |
2. | H. C. Liu and A. H. Kung, “Substantial gain enhancement for optical parametric amplification and oscillation in two-dimentional χ^{2} nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16, 9714–9725 (2008). |
3. | K. Gallo, M. Levenius, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Twin-beam optical parametric generation in χ^{2} nonlinear photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(16), 161113 (2011). |
4. | M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(12), 121114 (2012). [CrossRef] |
5. | M. Lazoul, A. Boudrioua, L. M. Simohamed, A. Fischer, and L. H. Peng, “Experimental study of multiwavelength parametric generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3892–3894 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
6. | Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, J. Shi, L. Chen, X. Q. Yu, P. Xue, and S. N. Zhu, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs via concurrent spontaneous parametric downconversions in a single χ^{2} nonlinear photonic crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37(21), 4374–4376 (2012). |
7. | H. Jin, P. Xu, X. W. Luo, H. Y. Leng, Y. X. Gong, W. J. Yu, M. L. Zhong, G. Zhao, and S. N. Zhu, “Compact engineering of path-entangled sources from a monolithic quadratic nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(2), 023603 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
8. | Y. X. Gong, Z. D. Xie, P. Xu, X. Q. Yu, P. Xue, and S. N. Zhu, “Compact source of narrow-band counterpropagating polarization-entangled photon pairs using a single dual-periodically poled crystal,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053825 (2011). [CrossRef] |
9. | E. Megidish, A. Halevy, H. S. Eisenberg, A. Ganany-Padowicz, N. Habshoosh, and A. Arie, “Compact 2D nonlinear photonic crystal source of beamlike path entangled photons,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6689–6696 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed] |
10. | M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO_{3} waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–436 (1993). [CrossRef] |
11. | S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(10), 5481–5483 (1995). [CrossRef] |
OCIS Codes
(030.1670) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherent optical effects
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics
History
Original Manuscript: April 7, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 16, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 16, 2014
Published: May 22, 2014
Citation
L. Chen, P. Xu, Y. F. Bai, X. W. Luo, M. L. Zhong, M. Dai, M. H. Lu, and S. N. Zhu, "Concurrent optical parametric down-conversion in χ^{(2)} nonlinear photonic crystals," Opt. Express 22, 13164-13169 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-11-13164
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References
- V. Berger, “Nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(19), 4136–4139 (1998). [CrossRef]
- H. C. Liu, A. H. Kung, “Substantial gain enhancement for optical parametric amplification and oscillation in two-dimentional χ2 nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16, 9714–9725 (2008).
- K. Gallo, M. Levenius, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, “Twin-beam optical parametric generation in χ2 nonlinear photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(16), 161113 (2011).
- M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(12), 121114 (2012). [CrossRef]
- M. Lazoul, A. Boudrioua, L. M. Simohamed, A. Fischer, L. H. Peng, “Experimental study of multiwavelength parametric generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3892–3894 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, J. Shi, L. Chen, X. Q. Yu, P. Xue, S. N. Zhu, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs via concurrent spontaneous parametric downconversions in a single χ2 nonlinear photonic crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37(21), 4374–4376 (2012).
- H. Jin, P. Xu, X. W. Luo, H. Y. Leng, Y. X. Gong, W. J. Yu, M. L. Zhong, G. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, “Compact engineering of path-entangled sources from a monolithic quadratic nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(2), 023603 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Y. X. Gong, Z. D. Xie, P. Xu, X. Q. Yu, P. Xue, S. N. Zhu, “Compact source of narrow-band counterpropagating polarization-entangled photon pairs using a single dual-periodically poled crystal,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053825 (2011). [CrossRef]
- E. Megidish, A. Halevy, H. S. Eisenberg, A. Ganany-Padowicz, N. Habshoosh, A. Arie, “Compact 2D nonlinear photonic crystal source of beamlike path entangled photons,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6689–6696 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–436 (1993). [CrossRef]
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, N. B. Ming, “LiTaO3 crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(10), 5481–5483 (1995). [CrossRef]
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