OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2014
  • pp: 18818–18823
« Show journal navigation

All-optical electromagnetically induced transparency using one-dimensional coupled microcavities

Ahmer Naweed, David Goldberg, and Vinod M. Menon  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 15, pp. 18818-18823 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.018818


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1593 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report the first experimental realization of all-optical electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) via a pair of coherently interacting SiO2 microcavities in a one-dimensional SiO2/Si3N4 photonic crystal consisting of a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR). The electromagnetic interactions between the coupled microcavities (CMCs), which possess distinct Q-factors, are controlled by varying the number of embedded SiO2/Si3N4 bilayers in the coupling DBR. In case of weak microcavity interactions, the reflectivity spectrum reveals an all-optical EIT resonance which splits into an Autler-Townes-like resonance under condition of strong microcavity coupling. Our results open up the way for implementing optical analogs of quantum coherence in much simpler one-dimensional structures. We also discuss potential applications of CMCs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

The structures studied experimentally consist of two half-wavelength thick SiO2 microcavities, sandwiched between SiO2/Si3N4 distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) in a 1D photonic crystal. The two cavities possess distinct quality (Q) factors with the low-Q cavity, located closer to the surface, being referred to as the first cavity in this article while the high-Q cavity, which is situated closer to the substrate, is identified as the second cavity (see Fig. 1(a)
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of SiO2 CMCs interacting through the middle or coupling DBR in a Si3N4 (blue) and SiO2 (yellow) 1D photonic crystal. The arrows indicate the incident, reflected, and transmitted light. The experimentally realized CMC structures are described in text. Under appropriate conditions, an all-optical EIT resonance may appear in reflectance, while all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) may be realized in transmittance (see text for details). (b) Energy level diagram of a Λ atomic system where resonant fields couple the lower energy states to the excited level.
). The incident light enters the first cavity through the top DBR mirror and the subsequent coupling of light to the second cavity as well as interaction between fields localized in the two cavities is mediated by the middle DBR. Therefore, by varying the number of SiO2/Si3N4 bilayers of the middle (coupling) DBR, the coupling between the two cavities is controlled experimentally. We first provide a brief summary of EIT effect in atoms and its analogy to the optical experiments carried out here. This is followed by a description of experimentally realized CMC structures and the optical response of these structures. Following the discussion of experimental results, we briefly discuss new applications of CMCs.

Figure 1(b) shows a three level Λ atomic configuration for realizing EIT where the two lower energy states are coupled to two coherent light sources, usually referred to as the control (c) and the probe (p) beam, and typically characterized by their Rabi frequencyΩj=Ejμab/ (j = p, c), which is a measure of interaction strength between an applied field of amplitude Ej and an atomic transition ab that is characterized by the electric dipole matrix element μab. The control (probe) beam selectively couples the state |3 (|2) to the excited state |1, while transition between the two lower states is considered to be dipole forbidden. Owing to a strong control field, the excited state |1 may split into dressed states |±=(|1|3)/2, where the energy difference ΔE±between the split states is given by ΔE±=Ωc. Excitation of level |2electrons may become inhibited if the splitting is larger than lifetime broadened linewidth of the excited state [8

8. D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. Fuller, A. Rosenberger, and R. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004). [CrossRef]

]. Alternatively, excitations from low energy states may cease due to Fano-like destructive interference between transitions occurring along two pathways. The atomic medium thus becomes transparent over a narrow frequency range and a narrow transparency peak appears within the usual absorption dip. By increasing the control field intensity, the splitting between the dressed states may be enhanced, which leads to an increase in the amplitude as well as broadening of the EIT transparency peak. Certain features of a model developed previously for establishing analogies between atomic and all-optical EIT in ring cavities are applicable to the present case [8

8. D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. Fuller, A. Rosenberger, and R. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004). [CrossRef]

]. In this model, the top DBR is analogous to the probe beam Rabi frequency, while the middle or coupling DBR plays the role of the control beam Rabi frequency. Accordingly, a variation of coupling via the middle DBR has an effect which is akin to the one obtained by varying the control beam Rabi frequency.

The all-dielectric CMC samples are realized using plasma enhanced chemical vapor (PECVD) deposition. During the PECVD growth, SiO2 layers were deposited at a pressure of 400 mT with N2O and 2% SiH4 diluted in N2 with flow rates of 180 sccm and 52 sccm, respectively. The Si3N4 layers were deposited at a pressure of 800 mT with N2, NH3, and 2% SiH4 diluted in N2 with respective flow rates of 180, 20 and 88 sccm. Substrate temperature during the deposition of both layers was 250°C. Based on spectroscopic measurements, we estimate the refractive index of the SiO2 layers to be 1.45, and 1.78 for the Si3N4 layers.

The three fabricated CMC samples have similar structures except the coupling DBR which is varied in its reflectivity. The fabricated DBR structures are of the general form (HL)N1HCL(HL)N2HCL(HL)N3H = (HL)N1+0.5CL(HL)N2+0.5CL(HL)N3+0.5, where H indicates the high-index Si3N4 layer, L describes the low-index SiO2 layer, CL represents the low-index half-wavelength thick SiO2 microcavity, Nj is the number of pairs of quarter-wave Si3N4 and SiO2 layers, and the structure terminates at a silicon substrate. For these samples N1 = 5, N3 = 9, whereas N2 for the samples S1, S2, S3 is 14, 10, and 3, respectively.

The spectral characterization of the samples is carried out using a fiber coupled CCD array spectrometer. Figures 2(a)
Fig. 2 (a)-(c) Measured reflectance of samples S1, S2, and S3, respectively.
2(c) show the measured reflection spectra. The reflectance of sample S1 demonstrates a single resonance at ~593 nm. The reflection spectrum of S2, where the intercavity separation is decreased in comparison to S1, shows appearance of a sharp peak within the resonance dip, a spectral feature that bears a striking resemblance to the EIT lineshape in coherently driven atomic media. Here we note that while EIT in atomic systems results in enhanced transmission, all-optical EIT in 1D coupled cavities leads to increased reflection. In case of sample S3, where the intercavity separation is the least among the three investigated samples, the resonance is split into two dips, each having a Q-factor that exceeds the initial Q-factor in the weak coupling case of Fig. 2(a).

As pointed out in the illustration of Fig. 1(a), CMCs also enable occurrence of all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) [19

19. M. Lezama, S. Barreiro, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 59(6), 4732–4735 (1999). [CrossRef]

], which is a distinct quantum coherence effect since in this case constructive interference occurs between transitions occurring along two pathways. Owing to finite substrate thickness, it was not possible to measure the transmitted signal. However, the transfer matrix method (TMM) based calculated transmission spectrum of sample S2 clearly shows appearance of a narrow dip within the usual transmission peak (Fig. 3
Fig. 3 TMM calculated transmittance of sample S2 shows all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption.
). This resonance represents the 1D all-optical analog of EIA. The calculated profile is obtained by first fitting a theoretical model to the measured spectrum of sample S2 and the extracted DBR parameters are then used to calculate the transmission spectrum. Therefore, all-optical EIT and EIA resonances may be realized simultaneously at the reflection and transmission ports of the dual cavity system, respectively. Our calculations of the dispersive response of the CMC system reveal that under conditions resulting in all-optical EIT and EIA, subluminal group delays are obtained for the reflected pulses, while superluminal group velocities are attained for the transmitted pulses. This is in direct analogy to EIT and EIA mediated slow and fast light propagation in atomic systems.

It is well-known that microcavity-mediated sharp resonances may be used to achieve subluminal group velocity for an incident optical pulse. Like the EIT resonance in an atomic medium, the photonic EIT resonance can further enhance the slowing down characteristics of such a medium [4

4. K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 213904 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. This slow light scheme is distinct from other coupled resonator slow wave structures such as the one described in Ref. 20

20. M. Ghulinyan, M. Galli, C. Toninelli, J. Bertolotti, S. Gottardo, F. Marabelli, D. S. Wiersma, L. Pavesi, and L. C. Andreani, “Wide-band transmission of nondistorted slow waves in one-dimensional optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 241103 (2006). [CrossRef]

, which slow down an optical pulse owing to a large number of resonant circulations inside each cavity of a coupled cavity array. Increasingly, the slow light phenomenon is applied to enhance performance of devices such as interferometers [21

21. Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and C. C. Dudley, “Enhancing the spectral sensitivity of interferometers using slow-light media,” Opt. Lett. 32(8), 915–917 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], gyroscopes [22

22. Y. Zhang, H. Tian, X. Zhang, N. Wang, J. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, “Experimental evidence of enhanced rotation sensing in a slow-light structure,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 691–693 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], and solar cells [23

23. O. Deparis and O. El Daif, “Optimization of slow light one-dimensional Bragg structures for photocurrent enhancement in solar cells,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4230–4232 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. Furthermore, owing to spatial compression of an optical pulse in a slow light medium, its energy density is increased, which enables realization of non-linear optical effects at low light intensities for applications such as low-power all-optical switching [24

24. D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Ultracompact and low-power optical switch based on silicon photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 147–149 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] and enhanced stimulated Raman scattering [25

25. J. F. McMillan, X. Yang, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, and C. W. Wong, “Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in slow-light photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1235–1237 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. Our simulations show the feasibility of realizing CMCs where a larger probability exists for localizing photons in the second cavity due to a corresponding large intracavity field. If the DBR is composed of material such as silicon [26

26. M. W. Pruessner, T. H. Stievater, and W. S. Rabinovich, “Integrated waveguide Fabry-Perot microcavities with silicon/air Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 533–535 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] which exhibits free carrier dispersion effect [27

27. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 123–129 (1987). [CrossRef]

], then on illuminating the bottom DBR with a short wavelength laser pulse, photons can be transferred adiabatically to the first cavity due to suppression of the second cavity’s field as the bottom DBR is no longer resonant to the incident photons. Such an adiabatic photon transfer scheme is important for future applications in quantum information processing [28

28. N. Miladinovic, F. Hasan, N. Chisholm, I. E. Linnington, E. A. Hinds, and D. H. J. O’Dell, “Adiabatic transfer of light in a double cavity and the optical Landau-Zener problem,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043822 (2011). [CrossRef]

]. Finally, such CMC systems embedded with active media can also be used to realize bistable lasing and entangled photon sources [12

12. C. Diederichs, J. Tignon, G. Dasbach, C. Ciuti, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, P. Roussignol, and C. Delalande, “Parametric oscillation in vertical triple microcavities,” Nature 440(7086), 904–907 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. Using several CMCs, and through careful coupling between them, one can also study optical analogs of collective phenomena that occur in electronic systems.

In summary, we have experimentally demonstrated realization of all-optical EIT using a 1D coupled cavity system. By controlling the coherent interactions between the two cavities, we showed tuning of coupled-cavity spectral features. Our theoretical calculations confirm that all-optical analog of EIA may also be achieved in 1D coupled microcavities such as those studied here.

Acknowledgments

Research at CUNY was supported partially through PSC CUNY Research Grant. AN acknowledges support through a Higher Education Commission development grant.

References and links

1.

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A 71(4), 043804 (2005). [CrossRef]

3.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

4.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 213904 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

5.

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66(20), 2593–2596 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

6.

D. M. Beggs, M. A. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, and R. A. Abram, “Optimization of an optical filter with a square-shaped passband based on coupled microcavities,” J. Mod. Opt. 51(3), 437–446 (2004). [CrossRef]

7.

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and H. Ishikawa, “Analysis of defect coupling in one- and two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165208 (2002). [CrossRef]

8.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. Fuller, A. Rosenberger, and R. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004). [CrossRef]

9.

M. Bayindir, S. Tanriseven, A. Aydinli, and E. Ozbay, “Strong enhancement of spontaneous emission in amorphous-silicon-nitride photonic crystal based coupled-microcavity structures,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 73(1), 125–127 (2001). [CrossRef]

10.

A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, “Cavity quantum electrodynamic enhancement of stimulated emission in microdroplets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(4), 437–440 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

11.

D. Gerace, H. E. Türeci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009). [CrossRef]

12.

C. Diederichs, J. Tignon, G. Dasbach, C. Ciuti, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, P. Roussignol, and C. Delalande, “Parametric oscillation in vertical triple microcavities,” Nature 440(7086), 904–907 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

13.

S. Y. Hu, E. R. Hegblom, and L. A. Coldren, “Coupled-cavity resonant-photodetectors for high-performance wavelength demultiplexing applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 178–180 (1997). [CrossRef]

14.

P. Pellandini, R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Ilegems, and C. Weisbuch, “Dual-wavelength laser emission from a coupled semiconductor microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(7), 864–866 (1997). [CrossRef]

15.

C. Schmidt, A. Chipouline, T. Käsebier, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Temperature induced nonlinearity in coupled microresonators,” Appl. Phys. B 104(3), 503–511 (2011). [CrossRef]

16.

X. Yang, M. Yu, D.-L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 173902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

17.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark effect in rapidly varying fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955). [CrossRef]

18.

V. Wong, PhD Thesis, University of Rochester (2004).

19.

M. Lezama, S. Barreiro, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 59(6), 4732–4735 (1999). [CrossRef]

20.

M. Ghulinyan, M. Galli, C. Toninelli, J. Bertolotti, S. Gottardo, F. Marabelli, D. S. Wiersma, L. Pavesi, and L. C. Andreani, “Wide-band transmission of nondistorted slow waves in one-dimensional optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 241103 (2006). [CrossRef]

21.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and C. C. Dudley, “Enhancing the spectral sensitivity of interferometers using slow-light media,” Opt. Lett. 32(8), 915–917 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

22.

Y. Zhang, H. Tian, X. Zhang, N. Wang, J. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, “Experimental evidence of enhanced rotation sensing in a slow-light structure,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 691–693 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

23.

O. Deparis and O. El Daif, “Optimization of slow light one-dimensional Bragg structures for photocurrent enhancement in solar cells,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4230–4232 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

24.

D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Ultracompact and low-power optical switch based on silicon photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 147–149 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

25.

J. F. McMillan, X. Yang, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, and C. W. Wong, “Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in slow-light photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1235–1237 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

26.

M. W. Pruessner, T. H. Stievater, and W. S. Rabinovich, “Integrated waveguide Fabry-Perot microcavities with silicon/air Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 533–535 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

27.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 123–129 (1987). [CrossRef]

28.

N. Miladinovic, F. Hasan, N. Chisholm, I. E. Linnington, E. A. Hinds, and D. H. J. O’Dell, “Adiabatic transfer of light in a double cavity and the optical Landau-Zener problem,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043822 (2011). [CrossRef]

OCIS Codes
(230.4555) Optical devices : Coupled resonators
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: March 28, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 10, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 10, 2014
Published: July 25, 2014

Citation
Ahmer Naweed, David Goldberg, and Vinod M. Menon, "All-optical electromagnetically induced transparency using one-dimensional coupled microcavities," Opt. Express 22, 18818-18823 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-15-18818


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature424(6950), 839–846 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. M. Beggs, M. A. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, and R. A. Abram, “Optimization of an optical filter with a square-shaped passband based on coupled microcavities,” J. Mod. Opt.51(3), 437–446 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and H. Ishikawa, “Analysis of defect coupling in one- and two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B65(16), 165208 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. Fuller, A. Rosenberger, and R. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Bayindir, S. Tanriseven, A. Aydinli, and E. Ozbay, “Strong enhancement of spontaneous emission in amorphous-silicon-nitride photonic crystal based coupled-microcavity structures,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.73(1), 125–127 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, “Cavity quantum electrodynamic enhancement of stimulated emission in microdroplets,” Phys. Rev. Lett.67(4), 437–440 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Gerace, H. E. Türeci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys.5(4), 281–284 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Diederichs, J. Tignon, G. Dasbach, C. Ciuti, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, P. Roussignol, and C. Delalande, “Parametric oscillation in vertical triple microcavities,” Nature440(7086), 904–907 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Y. Hu, E. R. Hegblom, and L. A. Coldren, “Coupled-cavity resonant-photodetectors for high-performance wavelength demultiplexing applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(2), 178–180 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. P. Pellandini, R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Ilegems, and C. Weisbuch, “Dual-wavelength laser emission from a coupled semiconductor microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(7), 864–866 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Schmidt, A. Chipouline, T. Käsebier, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Temperature induced nonlinearity in coupled microresonators,” Appl. Phys. B104(3), 503–511 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. X. Yang, M. Yu, D.-L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark effect in rapidly varying fields,” Phys. Rev.100(2), 703–722 (1955). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Wong, PhD Thesis, University of Rochester (2004).
  19. M. Lezama, S. Barreiro, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption,” Phys. Rev. A59(6), 4732–4735 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Ghulinyan, M. Galli, C. Toninelli, J. Bertolotti, S. Gottardo, F. Marabelli, D. S. Wiersma, L. Pavesi, and L. C. Andreani, “Wide-band transmission of nondistorted slow waves in one-dimensional optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(24), 241103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and C. C. Dudley, “Enhancing the spectral sensitivity of interferometers using slow-light media,” Opt. Lett.32(8), 915–917 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Zhang, H. Tian, X. Zhang, N. Wang, J. Zhang, H. Wu, and P. Yuan, “Experimental evidence of enhanced rotation sensing in a slow-light structure,” Opt. Lett.35(5), 691–693 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. O. Deparis and O. El Daif, “Optimization of slow light one-dimensional Bragg structures for photocurrent enhancement in solar cells,” Opt. Lett.37(20), 4230–4232 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Ultracompact and low-power optical switch based on silicon photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett.33(2), 147–149 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. F. McMillan, X. Yang, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, and C. W. Wong, “Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in slow-light photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1235–1237 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. W. Pruessner, T. H. Stievater, and W. S. Rabinovich, “Integrated waveguide Fabry-Perot microcavities with silicon/air Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Lett.32(5), 533–535 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(1), 123–129 (1987). [CrossRef]
  28. N. Miladinovic, F. Hasan, N. Chisholm, I. E. Linnington, E. A. Hinds, and D. H. J. O’Dell, “Adiabatic transfer of light in a double cavity and the optical Landau-Zener problem,” Phys. Rev. A84(4), 043822 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited