## Semiconductor periodic structures for out-of-plane optical switching and Bragg-soliton excitation

Optics Express, Vol. 3, Issue 11, pp. 433-439 (1998)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.3.000433

Acrobat PDF (93 KB)

### Abstract

We study out-of-plane coupling and switching in a semiconductor periodic waveguide structure, with attention given to both dispersion within the structure and impedence matching of an external wave with a guided mode. We show nanosecond-scale optical switching and discuss the implications for Bragg soliton excitation.

© Optical Society of America

## 1. Introduction.

1. H. G. Winful et. al., “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. **35**, 379 (1979). [CrossRef]

3. J. E. Sipe and H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear Schrodinger solitons in a periodic structure,” Opt. Lett. **13**, 132 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

10. N. D. Sankey et. al., “All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. **60**, 1427 (1992). [CrossRef]

## 2. Sample Design and Fabrication

17. Amy E. Bieber et. al., “Optical Switching in a metal-semiconductor-metal waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. **66**, 3401 (1995). [CrossRef]

18. Amy E. Bieber and T. G. Brown, “Integral coupler-resonator for silicon-based switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. **71**, 861 (1995). [CrossRef]

19. S. Peng and G. M. Morris, “Efficient implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A **12**, 1087 (1995). [CrossRef]

^{™}software tools.

## 3. Experimental Results and Discussion

16. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, “Modulational instability and tunable multiple soliton generation in apodized fiber gratings,” Opt. Commun. **149**, 267 (1998). [CrossRef]

10. N. D. Sankey et. al., “All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. **60**, 1427 (1992). [CrossRef]

11. N. D. Sankey et. al., “Optical switching dynamics of the nonlinear Bragg reflector: comparison of theory and experiment,” J. Appl. Phys. **73**, 1 (1993). [CrossRef]

15. N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, “Experimental Observation of nonlinear pulse compression in nonuniform Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. **22**, 1837 (1997). [CrossRef]

16. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, “Modulational instability and tunable multiple soliton generation in apodized fiber gratings,” Opt. Commun. **149**, 267 (1998). [CrossRef]

## Acknowledgments.

## References

1. | H. G. Winful et. al., “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. |

2. | H. G. Winful and G. I. Stegeman, “Applications of nonlinear periodic structures in guided wave optics,” Proc. SPIE |

3. | J. E. Sipe and H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear Schrodinger solitons in a periodic structure,” Opt. Lett. |

4. | H. G. Winful and C. D. Cooperman, “Self-pulsing and chaos in distributed feedback bistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. |

5. | W. Chen and D. L. Mills, “Gap solitons and the nonlinear optical response of superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. |

6. | D. L. Mills and S. E. Trullinger, “Gap solitons in nonlinear periodic structures,” Phys. Rev. B |

7. | C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, “Envelope-function approach for the electrodynamics of nonlinear periodic structures,” Phys. Rev. A , |

8. | C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, “Coupled modes and the nonlinear Schrodinger equation,” Phys. Rev. A |

9. | C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, “Switching dynamics of finite periodic nonlinear media: a numerical study,” Phys. Rev. A |

10. | N. D. Sankey et. al., “All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. |

11. | N. D. Sankey et. al., “Optical switching dynamics of the nonlinear Bragg reflector: comparison of theory and experiment,” J. Appl. Phys. |

12. | M. S. Malcuit and C. J. Herbert, “Optical properties of nonlinear periodic structures,” Acta Physica Polonica A |

13. | J. He and M. Cada, “Optical bistability in semiconductor periodic structures,” J. Quantum Electron. |

14. | B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe “Bragg grating solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. |

15. | N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, “Experimental Observation of nonlinear pulse compression in nonuniform Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. |

16. | B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, “Modulational instability and tunable multiple soliton generation in apodized fiber gratings,” Opt. Commun. |

17. | Amy E. Bieber et. al., “Optical Switching in a metal-semiconductor-metal waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. |

18. | Amy E. Bieber and T. G. Brown, “Integral coupler-resonator for silicon-based switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. |

19. | S. Peng and G. M. Morris, “Efficient implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A |

**OCIS Codes**

(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers

(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

(190.5970) Nonlinear optics : Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW

(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices

**ToC Category:**

Focus Issue: Bragg solitons and nonlinear optics of periodic structures

**History**

Original Manuscript: September 28, 1998

Published: November 23, 1998

**Citation**

Thomas Brown, R. Fabrizzio, and S. Weiss, "Semiconductor periodic structures for out-of-plane optical switching and Bragg-soliton excitation," Opt. Express **3**, 433-439 (1998)

http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-3-11-433

Sort: Journal | Reset

### References

- H. G. Winful et al., "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979). [CrossRef]
- H. G. Winful and G. I. Stegeman, "Applications of nonlinear periodic structures in guided wave optics," Proc. SPIE 517, 214 (1984).
- J. E. Sipe and H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear Schrodinger solitons in a periodic structure," Opt. Lett. 13, 132 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. G. Winful and C. D. Cooperman, "Self-pulsing and chaos in distributed feedback bistable optical devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982). [CrossRef]
- W. Chen and D. L. Mills, "Gap solitons and the nonlinear optical response of superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D. L. Mills and S. E. Trullinger, "Gap solitons in nonlinear periodic structures," Phys. Rev. B 36, 947 (1987). [CrossRef]
- C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, "Envelope-function approach for the electrodynamics of nonlinear periodic structures," Phys. Rev. A, 38, 5149 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, "Coupled modes and the nonlinear Schrodinger equation," Phys. Rev. A 42, 550 (1990). [CrossRef]
- C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, "Switching dynamics of finite periodic nonlinear media: a numerical study," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- N. D. Sankey et. al., "All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic waveguide structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992). [CrossRef]
- N. D. Sankey et al., "Optical switching dynamics of the nonlinear Bragg reflector: comparison of theory and experiment," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993). [CrossRef]
- M. S. Malcuit and C. J. Herbert, "Optical properties of nonlinear periodic structures," Acta Physica Polonica A 86, 127 (1994).
- J. He and M. Cada, "Optical bistability in semiconductor periodic structures," J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1182 (1991). [CrossRef]
- B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe "Bragg grating solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 627 (1996).
- N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen and R. I. Laming, "Experimental Observation of nonlinear pulse compression in nonuniform Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 22, 1837 (1997). [CrossRef]
- B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, "Modulational instability and tunable multiple soliton generation in apodized fiber gratings," Opt. Commun. 149, 267 (1998). [CrossRef]
- Amy E. Bieber et al., "Optical Switching in a metal-semiconductor-metal waveguide structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995). [CrossRef]
- Amy E. Bieber and T. G. Brown, "Integral coupler-resonator for silicon-based switching and modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 861 (1995). [CrossRef]
- S. Peng and G. M. Morris, "Efficient implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings." J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1087 (1995). [CrossRef]

## Cited By |
Alert me when this paper is cited |

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article | Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.