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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 11, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1986
  • pp: 73–75

Proposal for optically cooling atoms to temperatures of the order of 10−6 K

S. Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, J. P. Gordon, and L. W. Hollberg  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 73-75 (1986)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.11.000073


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Abstract

We propose a technique for cooling optically trapped atoms to microkelvin temperatures, and lower, by using the dipole force of resonance-radiation pressure.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: October 15, 1985
Manuscript Accepted: November 18, 1985
Published: February 1, 1986

Citation
S. Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, J. P. Gordon, and L. W. Hollberg, "Proposal for optically cooling atoms to temperatures of the order of 10−6 K," Opt. Lett. 11, 73-75 (1986)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-11-2-73


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References

  1. S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 48 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Ashkin, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 4, 161 (1979); D. J. Wineland, W. M. Itano, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1521 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. P. Gordon, A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1606 (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. For an earlier experimental observation of the effects of spontaneous heating see J. E. Bjorkholm, R. R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, D. B. Pearson, Opt. Lett. 5, 111 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1336 (1983). [CrossRef]
  6. H. F. Hess, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 30, 854 (1985).
  7. A. L. Migdall, J. V. Prodan, W. D. Phillips, T. H. Bergeman, H. J. Metcalf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2596 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 729 (1978); for a review of optical traps, see A. Ashkin, Science 210, 1081 (1980); for more recent discussions, see references in Refs. 1 and 6. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. This value seems appropriate for the actual combination of levels used in sodium; see J. E. Bjorkholm, R. R. Freeman, D. B. Pearson, Phys. Rev. A 23, 491 (1981). [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Bjorkholm, R. R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, D. B. Pearson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1361 (1978); J. E. Bjorkholm, R. R. Freeman, Comments Atom. Mol. Phys. 10, 31 (1980). [CrossRef]

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