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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 12, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1987
  • pp: 389–391

Absorption spectroscopy at the limit: detection of a single atom

D. J. Wineland, Wayne M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 6, pp. 389-391 (1987)

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We investigate the sensitivity limit of absorption spectroscopy. An experiment is described in which the decrease in transmitted light intensity that is due to absorption by a single, electromagnetically confined atomic ion is observed.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 21, 1987
Manuscript Accepted: February 26, 1987
Published: June 1, 1987

D. J. Wineland, Wayne M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, "Absorption spectroscopy at the limit: detection of a single atom," Opt. Lett. 12, 389-391 (1987)

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  1. A concise historical review is given by R. A. Sawyer, Experimental Spectroscopy, 3rd ed. (Dover, New York, 1963), pp. 1–17.
  2. See, for example, K. Shimoda, ed., High Resolution Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1976);R. A. Keller, ed., Laser-based Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Detection V, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.426 (1983);M. D. Levenson, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1982). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Bialas, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, P. E. Toschek, Opt. Commun. 59, 27 (1986). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Le Boiteux, D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, A. Pesnelle, S. Runge, M. Perdrix, Opt. Commun. 52, 274 (1984). [CrossRef]
  5. See, for example, R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Oxford U. Press, London, 1973), p. 287.
  6. J. C. Bergquist, R. G. Hulet, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1699 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Hemmati, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, Opt. Lett. 8, 73 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. J. Snyder, R. K. Raj, D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, Opt. Lett. 5, 163 (1980);L. Hollberg, Ma Long-Sheng, M. Hohenstatt, J. L. Hall, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 426, 91 (1983);E. A. Whittaker, G. C. Bjorklund, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 426, 81 (1983);M. Ducloy, J. J. Synder, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 426, 87 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. G. Dehmelt, Adv. At. Mol. Phys. 3, 53 (1967);Adv. At. Mol. Phys. 5, 109 (1969);D. J. Wineland, W. M. Itano, R. S. Van Dyck, Adv. At. Mol. Phys. 19, 135 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Bloembergen, E. M. Purcell, R. V. Pound, Phys. Rev. 73, 679 (1948). [CrossRef]
  11. R. H. Hughes, E. B. Wilson, Phys. Rev. 71, 562L (1947). [CrossRef]
  12. C. S. Gudeman, M. H. Begemann, J. Pfaff, R. J. Saykally, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 727 (1983). [CrossRef]
  13. R. E. Drullinger, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, Appl. Phys. 22, 365 (1980). [CrossRef]

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