Morphology-dependent resonances of microspheres sitting upon an index-matched single-mode fiber half-coupler are excited by a tunable 753-nm distributed-feedback laser. Resonance peaks in the scattering spectra and associated dips in the transmission spectra for the TE and TM modes are observed. We present a new model that describes this interaction in terms of the fiber-sphere coupling coefficient and the microsphere’s intrinsic quality factor Q0. This model enables us to obtain expressions for the finesse and the Q factor of the composite particle-fiber system, the resonance width, and the depth of the dips measured in the transmission spectra. Our model shows that index matching improves the coupling efficiency by more than a factor of 2 compared with that of a non-index-matched system.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Giora Griffel, Stephen Arnold, Dogan Taskent, Ali Serpengüzel, John Connolly, and Nancy Morris, "Morphology-dependent resonances of a microsphere-optical fiber system," Opt. Lett. 21, 695-697 (1996)