A method to image random three-dimensional source distributions is proposed. We show that, by using a Michelson stellar interferometer in a prescribed fashion, one is able to measure a special form of a three-dimensional degree of coherence. The inverse Fourier transform of this coherence function yields the three-dimensional intensity distribution of the source as seen from the paraxial far zone.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Joseph Rosen and Amnon Yariv, "Three-dimensional imaging of random radiation sources," Opt. Lett. 21, 1011-1013 (1996)