We present a method of controlling the shape of the domain-inverted structure in an off-cut MgO:LiNbO<sub>3</sub> crystal by utilizing a two-dimensional high-voltage application. With this technique a periodically domain-inverted structure with a period of 3.2μm and a thickness of 2.0μm was fabricated over a 10-mm interaction length. This structure has made possible sufficient overlaps between propagation modes and domain inversion in the waveguide. Using this structure, we demonstrated cw blue second-harmonic generation of 17.3 mW of power at a wavelength of 426 nm with single-pass 55-mW cw AlGaAs laser diode input, which corresponded to 31% power-conversion efficiency.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Tomoya Sugita, Kiminori Mizuuchi, Yasuo Kitaoka, and Kazuhisa Yamamoto, "31%-efficient blue second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide by frequency doubling of an AlGaAs laser diode," Opt. Lett. 24, 1590-1592 (1999)