OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 23 — Dec. 1, 1999
  • pp: 1741–1743

Effect of temperature and atmospheric environment on the photodegradation of some Disperse Red 1-type polymers

Adriana Galvan-Gonzalez, Michael Canva, George I. Stegeman, Robert Twieg, Tony C. Kowalczyk, and Hilary S. Lackritz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 24, Issue 23, pp. 1741-1743 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.24.001741


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (85 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The photodegradation of the azobenzene chromophore DR1 {4-[N-ethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-4-nitroazobenzene]} incorporated as a side chain or as a guest in a poly(methyl) methacrylate host has been evaluated as a function of wavelength, temperature, and the atmospheric environment. The effects of these variables on the lifetime of DR1-based electro-optic devices is quantified.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled
(250.2080) Optoelectronics : Polymer active devices

Citation
Adriana Galvan-Gonzalez, Michael Canva, George I. Stegeman, Robert Twieg, Tony C. Kowalczyk, and Hilary S. Lackritz, "Effect of temperature and atmospheric environment on the photodegradation of some Disperse Red 1-type polymers," Opt. Lett. 24, 1741-1743 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-24-23-1741


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. See, for example, Y. Shi, W. Wang, J. H. Bechtel, A. Chen, S. Garner, S. Kalluri, W. H. Steier, D. Chen, H. R. Fetterman, L. R. Dalton, and L. Yu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 289 (1996).
  2. S. Yilmaz, W. Wirges, W. Brinker, S. Bauer-Gogonea, S. Bauer, M. Jager, G. I. Stegeman, M. Ahlheim, M. Stahelin, F. Lehr, M. Diemeer, and M. C. Flipse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 781 (1998).
  3. See, for example, D. H. Choi, J. H. Park, N. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, Chem. Mater. 10, 705 (1998); M. Stahelin, C. A. Walsh, D. M. Burland, R. D. Miller, R. J. Twieg, and W. Volsken, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8471 (1993).
  4. M. A. Mortazavi, H. N. Yoon, and C. C. Teng, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4871 (1994); M. A. Mortazavi, H. N. Yoon, and I. McCulloch, Poly. Prepr. Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Polym. Chem. 35, 198 (1994); R. A. Norwood, D. R. Holcomb, and F. F. So, J. Nonlin. Opt. 6, 193 (1993).
  5. M. Cha, W. E. Torruellas, G. I. Stegeman, and W. H. G. Horsthuis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2648 (1994).
  6. Y. Shi, W. Wang, W. Lin, D. J. Olson, and J. H. Bechtel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1342 (1997).
  7. Q. Zhang, M. Canva, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 912 (1998).
  8. Ph. Pretre, E. Sidlick, A. Knoesen, D. J. Dyer, and R. J. Twieg, ACS Symp. Ser. 695, 328 (1996).
  9. T. C. Kowalczyk, R. J. Twieg, and H. S. Lackritz, presented at the 4th International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics, Chitose, Japan, October, 1998.
  10. Y. Zhang, P. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, Chem. Mater. 4, 851 (1992).
  11. R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, Chem. Mater. 5, 229 (1993).
  12. F. Charra, F. Devaux, J. M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2440 (1992).
  13. L. A. Hornak, ed., Polymers for Lightwave Technology and Integrated Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1992).
  14. D. Riehl, F. Chaput, A. Roustamian, Y. Levy, and J.-P. Boilot, Nonlin. Opt. 8, 141 (1994).
  15. N. S. Allen, Polym. Degradation Stability 44, 357 (1994).
  16. D. Gegiou, K. A. Muszkat, and E. Fischer, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 90, 3907 (1968).
  17. A. Dubois, M. Canva, A. Brun, F. Chaput, and J.-P. Boilot, Appl. Opt. 35, 3193 (1996).
  18. G. E. Lewis, J. Org. Chem. 25, 2193 (1960).
  19. M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. George, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, and J. P. Boilot, Proc. SPIE 2288, 298 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited