We analyze the waveguide properties of microstructure optical fibers consisting of a silica core surrounded by a single ring of large air holes. Although the fibers can support numerous transverse spatial modes, coupling between these modes even in the presence of large perturbations is prevented for small core dimensions, owing to a large wave-vector mismatch between the lowest-order modes. The result is an optical fiber that can appear single mode with propagation properties that can be achieved only in multimode waveguides.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Jinendra K. Ranka, Robert S. Windeler, and Andrew J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000)