We describe the retrieval of nighttime lidar profiles by use of a large holographic optical element to simultaneously collect and spectrally disperse Raman-shifted return signals. Results obtained with a 20-Hz, 6-mJ/pulse , frequency-tripled Nd:YAG source demonstrate profiles for atmospheric nitrogen with a range greater than 1 km for a time average of 26 s.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
T. A. Berkoff, D. N. Whiteman, R. D. Rallison, G. K. Schwemmer, L. Ramos-Izquierdo, and H. Plotkin, "Remote detection of Raman scattering by use of a holographic optical element as a dispersive telescope," Opt. Lett. 25, 1201-1203 (2000)