A novel technique for the calibration of laser trapping systems that utilizes two-photon-excited fluorescence of commercial dye-stained microspheres has been demonstrated. The trapping forces as well as the trapping efficiency have been measured for various liquid environments and trapping depths. The trapping efficiency in water was found to decrease with an increase of trapping depths because of the enlargement of the trapping beam waist caused by aberrations of the optical system.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, H. E. Pudavar, D. S. Kaputa, A. N. Cartwright, and P. N. Prasad, "Measurement of optical trapping forces by use of the two-photon-excited fluorescence of microspheres," Opt. Lett. 28, 2288-2290 (2003)