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Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 28, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2003
  • pp: 411–413

Three-dimensional tracking of small spheres in focused laser beams: influence of the detection angular aperture

Alexander Rohrbach, Holger Kress, and Ernst H. K. Stelzer  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 28, Issue 6, pp. 411-413 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.28.000411


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Abstract

Back-focal-plane interferometry is a method capable of determining the three-dimensional position of a particle with high precision (<3nm) at high sampling rates (1 MHz). We investigated theoretically the performance of such a system for dielectric spheres with diameters D=0.53–3μm and for metallic spheres with D≤300nm . Good sensitivity and linearity were achieved for a detection angular aperture sin(α) of no more than 0.5. A value of sin(α)>0.7 should be used only for dielectric spheres with diameters approximately equal to the laser wavelength. Harmonic optical traps can be calibrated by measurement of the thermal motion of the sphere. We performed Brownian dynamics simulations and subsequent thermal noise analyses to prove that the wrong sin(α) incorrectly suggests an increased and nonharmonic axial trapping potential.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.0040) Detectors : Detectors
(110.4280) Imaging systems : Noise in imaging systems
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(180.3170) Microscopy : Interference microscopy
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles

Citation
Alexander Rohrbach, Holger Kress, and Ernst H. K. Stelzer, "Three-dimensional tracking of small spheres in focused laser beams: influence of the detection angular aperture," Opt. Lett. 28, 411-413 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-6-411

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