Microfluidic dye lasers three-dimensionally embedded in glass have been fabricated for what is believed to be the first time by integrating micro-optical and microfluidic components by use of a femtosecond laser. By pumping the microfluidic laser, in which the microfluidic chamber was filled with the laser dye Rhodamine 6G dissolved in ethanol, with a frequency-doubled Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet laser, lasing action was confirmed by analysis of the emission spectra at different pump powers. In addition, by arranging two microfluidic chambers serially in the glass, we built a microfluidic twin laser that produces an array of two simultaneous laser emissions with one pump laser.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Ya Cheng, Koji Sugioka, and Katsumi Midorikawa, "Microfluidic laser embedded in glass by three-dimensional femtosecond laser microprocessing," Opt. Lett. 29, 2007-2009 (2004)