We introduce a new figure of merit (FOM) including the input pump power limit associated with stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) for evaluation of the Kerr nonlinearity efficiency of optical fibers. The new FOM is expressed as gamma L_eff P_SBS (gamma is a nonlinearity parameter, L_eff is effective length, and P_SBS is the SBS threshold), while the conventional FOM is given by gamma L_eff. Using the new FOM, we perform an efficiency comparison among four types of state-of-the-art nonlinear optical fiber: a Bi2O3-based nonlinear fiber, a silica-based holey fiber, a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber, and a conventional dispersion-shifted fiber. The Bi2O3-based nonlinear fiber is found to have the best Kerr nonlinearity efficiency owing to the superior nonlinear property of the Bi2O3 glass compared with that of the silica.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Ju Han Lee, Takuo Tanemura, Kazuro Kikuchi, Tatsuo Nagashima, Tomoharu Hasegawa, Seiki Ohara, and Naoki Sugimoto, "Experimental comparison of a Kerr nonlinearity figure of merit including the stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold for state-of-the-art nonlinear optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1698-1700 (2005)