We present a method, based on noncollinear second-harmonic generation, to evaluate the nonzero elements of the nonlinear optical susceptibility. At a fixed incidence angle, the generated signal is investigated by varying the polarization state of both fundamental beams. The resulting polarization charts allows us to verify if Kleinman's symmetry rules can be applied to a given material or to retrieve the absolute value of the nonlinear optical tensor terms, from a reference measurement. Experimental measurements obtained from gallium nitride layers are reported. The proposed method does not require an angular scan and thus is useful when the generated signal is strongly affected by sample rotation.
© 2009 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 7, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2009
Published: July 13, 2009
M. C. Larciprete, F. A. Bovino, M. Giardina, A. Belardini, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, A. Passaseo, and V. Tasco, "Mapping the nonlinear optical susceptibility by noncollinear second-harmonic generation," Opt. Lett. 34, 2189-2191 (2009)