We theoretically demonstrate control of the plasmalike effective response of a metamaterial composed of aligned metallic nanorods when the electric field of the incident radiation is parallel to the nanorods. By embedding this metamaterial in a coherent atomic/molecular medium, for example, silver nanorod arrays submerged in sodium vapor, we can make the metamaterial transmittive in the forbidden frequency region below its plasma frequency. This phenomenon is enabled by having Lorentz absorbers or other coherent processes in the background medium, which provide a large positive dielectric permittivity in the vicinity of the resonance, thereby rendering the effective permittivity positive. In particular, processes such as electromagnetically induced transparency are shown to provide additional control to switch and tune the new transmission bands.
© 2009 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 26, 2009
Revised Manuscript: October 12, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: October 16, 2009
Published: November 30, 2009
Sangeeta Chakrabarti, S. Anantha Ramakrishna, and Harshawardhan Wanare, "Switching a plasmalike metamaterial via embedded resonant atoms exhibiting electromagnetically induced transparency," Opt. Lett. 34, 3728-3730 (2009)